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Cullin-RING ligases (CRLs) complexes participate in the regulation of diverse cellular processes, including cell cycle progression, transcription, signal transduction and development. Serving as the scaffold protein, cullins are crucial for the assembly of ligase complexes, which recognize and target various substrates for proteosomal degradation. Mutations(More)
Chlorambucil (CLB) is an alkylating agent commonly used in the treatment of several neoplastic disorders. The mechanisms underlying resistance to this drug are not fully defined. We used the DNA alkaline elution technique to study cross-link formation in the wild type (K1) and a CLB-resistant (ChlR) Chinese hamster ovary cell line. [14C]CLB was used to(More)
Cancer progression requires a permissive microenvironment that shields cancer from the host immunosurveillance. The presence of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) is a key feature of a tumor-permissive microenvironment. Cullin 4B (CUL4B), a scaffold protein in the Cullin 4B-RING E3 ligase complex (CRL4B), represses tumor suppressors through diverse(More)
Cullin-RING ubiquitin ligases (CRLs) participate in the regulation of diverse cellular processes including cell cycle progression. Mutations in the X-linked CUL4B, a member of the cullin family, cause mental retardation and other developmental abnormalities in humans. Cells that are deficient in CUL4B are severely selected against in vivo in heterozygotes.(More)
Cullin 4B (CUL4B) is a component of the Cullin 4B-Ring E3 ligase (CRL4B) complex that functions in proteolysis and in epigenetic regulation. CUL4B possesses tumor-promoting properties and is markedly upregulated in many types of human cancers. To determine the role of CUL4B in liver tumorigenesis, we generated transgenic mice that expressed human CUL4B in(More)
BACKGROUND LRP5, a member of the low density lipoprotein receptor superfamily, regulates diverse developmental processes in embryogenesis and maintains physiological homeostasis in adult organisms. However, how the expression of human LRP5 gene is regulated remains unclear. RESULTS In order to characterize the transcriptional regulation of human LRP5(More)
Astrocytes are the most abundant cell type in the mammalian brain and are important for the functions of the central nervous system. Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is regarded as a hallmark of mature astrocytes, though some GFPA-positive cells may act as neural stem cells. Missense heterozygous mutations in GFAP cause Alexander disease that(More)
CUL4A and CUL4B are closely related cullin family members and can each assemble a Cullin-RING E3 ligase complex (CRL) and participate in a variety of biological processes. While the CRLs formed by the two cullin members may have common targets, the two appeared to have very different consequences when mutated or disrupted in mammals. We here investigated(More)
The S113R mutation (c.339T>G) (MIM #603690.0001) in SLC33A1 (MIM #603690), an ER membrane acetyl-CoA transporter, has been previously identified in individuals with hereditary spastic paraplegia type 42 (SPG42; MIM #612539). SLC33A1 has also been shown to inhibit the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway in zebrafish. To better understand the(More)
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