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In the present study, we hypothesized that 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural could attenuate ischemic brain damage by reducing oxidative injury. Thus, mice were subjected to bilateral common carotid artery occlusion to establish a model of permanent forebrain ischemia. The mice were intraperitoneally injected with 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural 30 minutes before(More)
The capacity of cornel iridoid glycoside (CIG) to suppress the manifestations of ischemic stroke was investigated. CIG was administered to rats by the intragastric route once daily for 7 days. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced by 2 h of middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by 24 h of reperfusion. In non-treated rats large infarct areas were observed(More)
Cholesterol plays an important role in synaptic plasticity, learning and memory. To better explore how dietary cholesterol contributes to learning and memory and the related changes in synaptic structural plasticity, rats were categorized into a regular diet (RD) group and a cholesterol-enriched diet (CD) group, and were fed with respective diet for 2(More)
Most previous investigations about stroke caused by carotid atherosclerosis have focused on thromboembolism. There is a lack of knowledge about pathophysiology of the brain before ischemic insults. The objective of this study was to develop a new model of hypercholesterolemia plus carotid injury and to investigate the impact of carotid atherosclerosis(More)
OBJECTIVE Individuals with Parkinson's disease are more likely to develop melanoma, and melanoma patients are reciprocally at higher risk of developing Parkinson's disease. Melanoma is strongly tied to red hair/fair skin, a phenotype of loss-of-function polymorphisms in the MC1R (melanocortin 1 receptor) gene. Loss-of-function variants of MC1R have also(More)
Recent studies have shown 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural (5-HMF) has favorable biological effects, and its neuroprotection in a variety of neurological diseases has been noted. Our previous study showed that treatment of 5-HMF led to protection against permanent global cerebral ischemia. However, the underlying mechanisms in cerebral ischemic injury are not(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate changes of synapse related protein, such as synaptophysin (SYP) and postsynaptic dense material 95 (PSD-95), in brains of 10 months old transgenic mice, and the effects of Epimedium flavonoids (EF) on expression of SYP and PSD-95 in brain of 10 months old of APP transgenic mice. METHODS The mice of drug treated group were(More)
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