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1. The present study addressed the hypothesis that jugular and nodose vagal ganglia contain the somata of functionally and anatomically distinct airway afferent fibres. 2. Anatomical investigations were performed by injecting guinea-pig airways with the neuronal tracer Fast Blue. The animals were killed 7 days later, and the ganglia were removed and(More)
METHODS Between 2005 and 2012, 50 patients (23 female, 27 male) with nonunion of the humeral shaft were included in this retrospective study. The mean age was 51.3 years (14 to 88). The patients had a mean of 1.5 prior operations (sd 1.2;1 to 8). All patients were assessed according to a specific risk score in order to devise an optimal and individual(More)
BACKGROUND Non-unions of long bone fractures are a therapeutic and economic problem of increasing frequency. Aside from conservative treatment options such as ultrasound, impulse waves, and casts, the basic surgical options are autogenous cancellous bone grafting, rod dynamization, reamed nailing, plate fixation, and bone transport techniques. If these(More)
BACKGROUND Complex patterns of impaired bone healing can result in a severe economic and social burden for the patient. Herein we describe the local application of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP-7). The goal of this prospective study is to review the indications, application and validation of this therapy. MATERIAL AND METHOD From(More)
The use of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) in the treatment of nonunions is still controversial. The present study is concerned with whether this procedure has a clinical use and which cofactors influence its therapeutic results. In this prospective, single institution, observational study, data from October 2010 to October 2013 from 61 nonunions in(More)
Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines might have a large impact on the secondary phase and on the neurological outcome of patients with acute spinal cord injury (SCI). We measured the serum levels of different cytokines (Interferon-γ, Tumor Necrosis Factor-α, Interleukin-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor) over a 12-week period in(More)
Injury to the central nervous system initiates an uncontrolled inflammatory response that results in both tissue repair and destruction. Here, we showed that, in rodents and humans, injury to the spinal cord triggered surface expression of CD95 ligand (CD95L, FasL) on peripheral blood myeloid cells. CD95L stimulation of CD95 on these cells activated(More)
In this study we sought to determine if application of bone morphogenic protein 7 (BMP-7) promotes physiological bone healing of non-unions and to investigate if serum cytokine analysis may serve as a promising tool in the analysis of adjunct non-union therapy. Therefore we analyzed the influence of BMP-7 application on the serum cytokine expression(More)
In recent years, the treatment of wounds with honey has received an increasing amount of attention from healthcare professionals in Germany and Austria. We conducted a prospective observational multicentre study using Medihoney™ dressings in 10 hospitals - nine in Germany and one in Austria. Wound-associated parameters were monitored systematically at least(More)
STUDY DESIGN A prospective observational study reporting the correlation between matrix metalloprotein serum levels and remission after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVES To investigate serum cytokine levels as predictive markers. SETTING Germany, Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz). METHODS Between 2010 and 2015, data sets from 115(More)