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BACKGROUND fMRI language tasks readily identify frontal language areas; temporal activation has been less consistent. No studies have compared clinical visual judgment to quantitative region of interest (ROI) analysis. OBJECTIVE To identify temporal language areas in patients with partial epilepsy using a reading paradigm with clinical and ROI(More)
We studied the effects of botulinum toxin A in 12 patients with spasticity and in eight patients with rigidity. The study design was a double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial with botulinum toxin A versus saline. Using the Ashworth Scale for spasticity and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale for rigidity, we gave the patients a tone grade(More)
Of 421 veterans who had penetrating brain wounds in Vietnam 15 years ago, 53% had posttraumatic epilepsy, and one-half of those still had seizures 15 years after injury. The relative risk of developing epilepsy dropped from about 580 times higher than the general age-matched population in the first year to 25 times higher after 10 years. Patients with focal(More)
Pattern reversal visual evoked potential (VEP) test was performed in 30 asymptomatic patients with neurofibromatosis (NF). All patients had normal visual acuity, visual fields, and ophthalmoscopic examination results. Pattern reversal VEP was abnormal in eight patients (26%). Seven of these patients had computed tomographic scans with reformated orbital(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the efficacy of botulinum toxin A in chronic low back pain and associated disabilities. METHODS Thirty-one consecutive patients with chronic low back pain who met the inclusion criteria were studied: 15 received 200 units of botulinum toxin type A, 40 units/site at five lumbar paravertebral levels on the side of maximum(More)
We studied 2 patients with congenital mirror movements by means of various neurophysiological and metabolic techniques, including mapping of motor evoked potentials to transcranial electrical and magnetic stimulation, premovement and somatosensory evoked potentials, kinematics of voluntary movements, muscle reflexes, and positron emission tomography (PET).(More)
Current evidence suggests that botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) A1 and B1, given locally into peripheral tissues such as skin, muscles, and joints, alter nociceptive processing otherwise initiated by inflammation or nerve injury in animal models and humans. Recent data indicate that such locally delivered BoNTs exert not only local action on sensory afferent(More)
A patient received an overdose of intravascular contrast medium and experienced protracted seizures associated with radiographic evidence of prolonged retention of the contrast agent in the cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, and thalami. This is only the second report and the first survivor of a similar neurologic syndrome occurring in a patient after contrast(More)
Sialorrhea or excessive drooling is a major issue in children with cerebral palsy and adults with neurodegenerative disorders. In this review, we describe the clinical features, anatomy and physiology of sialorrhea, as well as a review of the world literature on medical treatment using Yale University's search engine; including but not limited to Medline(More)