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Research in autophagy continues to accelerate,(1) and as a result many new scientists are entering the field. Accordingly, it is important to establish a standard set of criteria for monitoring macroautophagy in different organisms. Recent reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose.(2,3) There are many useful and(More)
Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR), a frequent developmental defect of the enteric nervous system is due to loss-of-function mutations of RET, a receptor tyrosine kinase essential for the mediation of glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF)-induced cell survival. Instead, gain-of-function Cys mutations (e.g., Cys(609), Cys(620), and Cys(634)) of the same(More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) plays a crucial role in rescuing neural crest cells from apoptosis during their migration in the foregut. This survival factor binds to the heterodimer GDNF family receptor alpha1/Ret, inducing the Ret tyrosine kinase activity. ret loss-of-function mutations result in Hirschsprung's disease, a frequent(More)
Although worldwide concerns have emerged about environmental factors that display carcinogenic and reprotoxic effects, little is known about the mechanism(s) by which these chemicals alter testicular function. Using the 42GPA9 Sertoli cell line, we recently reported that one widely used lipid-soluble pesticide, Lindane impairs gap junctional intercellular(More)
BACKGROUND Carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) is an enzyme upregulated by hypoxia during tumour development and progression. This study was conducted to assess if the expression of CAIX in tumour tissue and/or plasma can be a prognostic factor in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS Tissue microarrays containing 555 NSCLC tissue samples(More)
The clinical use of the antineoplastic drug cisplatin is limited by its deleterious nephrotoxic side effect. Cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity is associated with an increase in oxidative stress, leading ultimately to renal cell death and irreversible kidney dysfunction. Oxidative stress could be modified by the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) infection of T84 cells induces a decrease in transepithelial resistance, the formation of attaching and effacing (A/E) lesions, and cytokine production. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of EPEC to activate mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases in T84 cells and to correlate these signaling(More)
It is now well established that estrogens participate in the control of normal spermatogenesis and endogenous or environmental estrogens are involved in pathological germ cell proliferation including testicular germ cell tumors. Studying a human testicular seminoma cell line, JKT-1, we show here that 17beta-estradiol (10(-12) to 10(-6) M) induced in vitro a(More)
We report here the characterization of a novel Leishmania infantum protein termed papLe22 (22-kDa potentially aggravating protein of Leishmania). A positive clone from a cDNA library was identified by serum of a visceral leishmaniasis (VL) patient. Full-length cDNA obtained using rapid amplification of cDNA ends-PCR codes for a 22-kDa protein. In L.(More)
Helicobacter pylori has been shown to induce chronic active gastritis and peptic ulcer and may contribute to the development of duodenal ulcer. Previous studies have shown that H. pylori mediates apoptosis of gastric epithelial cells via a Fas-dependent pathway. However, evidence for the induction of such a mechanism in intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) by(More)