Baharia Mograbi

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Research in autophagy continues to accelerate,(1) and as a result many new scientists are entering the field. Accordingly, it is important to establish a standard set of criteria for monitoring macroautophagy in different organisms. Recent reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose.(2,3) There are many useful and(More)
Susceptibility to Crohn's disease, a complex inflammatory disease, is influenced by common variants at many loci. The common exonic synonymous SNP (c.313C>T) in IRGM, found in strong linkage disequilibrium with a deletion polymorphism, has been classified as non-causative because of the absence of an alteration in the IRGM protein sequence or splice sites.(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize the role of CFTR during Cd(2+)-induced apoptosis. For this purpose primary cultures and cell lines originated from proximal tubules (PCT) of wild-type cftr(+/+) and cftr(-/-) mice were used. In cftr(+/+) cells, the application of Cd(2+) (5 microM) stimulated within 8 min an ERK1/2-activated CFTR-like Cl(-)(More)
Use of the nonpathogenic yeast Saccharomyces boulardii in the treatment of infectious diarrhea has attracted growing interest. The present study designed to investigate the effect of this yeast on enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC)-associated disease demonstrates that S. boulardii abrogated the alterations induced by an EPEC strain on transepithelial(More)
Connexins, the constitutive proteins of gap junctions, are considered to be tumour suppressive agents and are often impaired in the tumourigenic processes. In the present study, the expression of connexin 43 (Cx43), which is involved in the control of spermatogenesis through Sertoli/germ cell coupling, has been investigated in human testicular seminoma(More)
BACKGROUND Carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) is an enzyme upregulated by hypoxia during tumour development and progression. This study was conducted to assess if the expression of CAIX in tumour tissue and/or plasma can be a prognostic factor in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS Tissue microarrays containing 555 NSCLC tissue samples(More)
We report here the characterization of a novel Leishmania infantum protein termed papLe22 (22-kDa potentially aggravating protein of Leishmania). A positive clone from a cDNA library was identified by serum of a visceral leishmaniasis (VL) patient. Full-length cDNA obtained using rapid amplification of cDNA ends-PCR codes for a 22-kDa protein. In L.(More)
Interest in biomarkers in the field of thoracic oncology is focused on the search for new robust tests for diagnosis (in particular for screening), prognosis and theragnosis. These biomarkers can be detected in tissues and/or cells, but also in biological fluids, mainly the blood. In this context, there is growing interest in the detection of circulating(More)
Lindane (gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane) is a lipid-soluble pesticide that exerts carcinogenic and reprotoxic properties. The mechanisms by which lindane alters testicular function are unclear. Sertoli cells control germ cell proliferation and differentiation through cell-cell communication, including gap junction intercellular communication. Using the 42GPA9(More)
Macroautophagy (hereafter referred to as autophagy) has emerged as a key tumor suppressor pathway. During this process, the cytosolic constituents are sequestered into autophagosomes, which subsequently fuse with lysosomes to become autolysosomes where their contents are finally degraded. Although a reduced autophagy has been shown in human tumors or in(More)