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An accurate model for pre-placement wire length estimation can be a useful tool during the physical design of integrated circuits. In this paper, an a priori wire length estimation technique for mixed-size circuits is proposed. The proposed technique is capable of predicting the wire lengths for individual nets, and uses both relevant factors used in(More)
The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate quantitatively the effectiveness of three different restorative materials used as an intracoronal barrier to prevent microleakage of endodontically treated teeth. Fifty-five extracted human single-canal teeth were used in this study. The teeth were endodontically prepared and obturated. Forty-five teeth(More)
The author of this thesis has granted the University of Calgary a non-exclusive license to reproduce and distribute copies of this thesis to users of the University of Calgary Archives. Theses and dissertations available in the University of Calgary Institutional Repository are solely for the purpose of private study and research. They may not be copied or(More)
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