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CONTEXT The mechanisms underlying the well-known glucagon-induced satiety effect are unclear. Recently, we showed that glucagon induces a remarkable decrease in the orexigenic hormone ghrelin that might be responsible for this effect. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate the putative role of the hypothalamic pituitary axis in glucagon's(More)
The reason for weight loss at high altitudes is largely unknown. To date, studies have been unable to differentiate between weight loss due to hypobaric hypoxia and that related to increased physical exercise. The aim of our study was to examine the effect of hypobaric hypoxia on body weight at high altitude in obese subjects. We investigated 20 male obese(More)
BACKGROUND Both orosensory stimulation and feedback from the gastrointestinal tract contribute to energy intake regulation. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the hypothesis that overweight or obese subjects would be less sensitive to both oral and intraduodenal oleic acid exposure than would lean subjects. DESIGN Eleven overweight or obese and 8 lean men were(More)
OBJECTIVE Physical activity leads to changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary hormonal system. However, acute and long-term adaptations have not yet been precisely characterized. In this study, the changes of the hormonal system as a result of marathon training and running a marathon were examined. In particular, we focused on adaptations of the(More)
The orexigenic and anabolic gastric hormone ghrelin is secreted in response to acute and chronic energy requirements. While pre-prandial increases and post-prandial decreases of plasma ghrelin levels in rodents and humans seem to indicate a role for the novel peptide hormone as an afferent meal initiator or "hunger hormone", the precise mechanisms which are(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We aimed to evaluate the role of fat and cholecystokinin (CCK) in the pathophysiology of functional dyspepsia (FD) by investigating symptoms and plasma CCK levels following increasing doses of duodenal lipid during gastric distension, and the effect of CCK-A receptor blockade. SUBJECTS/METHODS In study A, six FD patients were studied on(More)
OBJECTIVE The marked increase in the prevalence of obesity in the United States has recently been attributed to the increased fructose consumption. To determine if and how fructose might promote obesity in an animal model, we measured body composition, energy intake, energy expenditure, substrate oxidation, and several endocrine parameters related to energy(More)
Duodenal fat modulates sensory and motor responses to gastric distension and raises plasma cholecystokinin compared with glucose. The effects of protein (also releasing cholecystokinin), or mixed nutrients (with a balanced macronutrient composition), on gastrointestinal sensations in relation to gastric relaxation and plasma cholecystokinin concentrations(More)
Enterally administered lipid modulates antropyloroduodenal motility, gut hormone release, appetite, and energy intake. We hypothesized that these effects would be dependent on both the load, and duration, of small intestinal exposure to lipid. Eleven healthy men were studied on four occasions in a double-blind, randomized, fashion. Antropyloroduodenal(More)
OBJECTIVE Arabinoxylan (AX) consumption is associated with metabolic improvement during diabetes and with modulation of ghrelin, an orexigenic gut hormone. The effect of AX consumption on ghrelin secretion in disturbed metabolic states is unknown. Therefore, we investigated the postprandial responses to AX consumption of serum glucose, insulin and(More)