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Pseudomonas veronii strain UFZ B549, Acidovorax facilis strain UFZ B530, and a community of indigenous groundwater bacteria, adapted to oxygen limitation, were cultivated on chlorobenzene and its metabolites 2-chloro-cis,cis-muconate and acetate/succinate under hypoxic and denitrifying conditions. Highly sensitive approaches were used to maintain defined(More)
Calorimetry can be used for a noninvasive monitoring of metabolic and energy changes in bacterial cultures in real time. This potentially includes changes occurring during phage infection cycles. To demonstrate this, the growth of Escherichia coli K124 F(-) carrying the lambda prophage was monitored in a reaction calorimeter, while inducing the shift from(More)
Pseudoalteromonas phage vB_PspS-H40/1 is a lytic phage that infects Pseudoalteromonas sp. strain H40. Both, the phage and its host were isolated in the 1970s from seawater samples collected from the North Sea near the island of Helgoland, Germany. The phage particle has an icosahedral capsid with a diameter of ~43 to 45 nm and a long non-contractile tail of(More)
Limitations in the availability of oxygen restrict aerobic biodegradation of chloroaromatic compounds in groundwater ecosystems. In this context the activity of ring-cleaving chlorocatechol dioxygenases (CC12O) is crucial for effective mineralization. Previously we demonstrated that oxygen-related enzyme characteristics of CC12O can vary widely among the(More)
Focussing on the role of chlorocatechol 1,2-dioxygenase (CC12O), an oxygen-dependent key enzyme in the aerobic catabolism of chlorobenzene (CB), Pseudomonas veronii strain UFZ B549, Acidovorax facilis strain UFZ B530, and a community of indigenous groundwater bacteria were amended with CB degradation under either oxic or hypoxic conditions. All cultures(More)
The exploitation of microorganisms in natural or technological systems calls for monitoring tools that reflect their metabolic activity in real time and, if necessary, are flexible enough for field application. The Gibbs energy dissipation of assimilated substrates or photons often in the form of heat is a general feature of life processes and thus, in(More)
Although several studies examined the transport of viruses in terrestrial systems only few studies exist on the use of marine phages (i.e., nonterrestrial viruses infecting marine host bacteria) as sensitively detectable microbial tracers for subsurface colloid transport and water flow. Here, we systematically quantified and compared for the first time the(More)
Phage Acm1, generally virulent for the acidophilic facultatively methanol-utilizing strain of Acetobacter methanolicus MB 58/4, is also capable of lysogenizing its host strain at a low rate. Using amino acid-auxotrophic mutants of A. methanolicus MB 58/4 as recipient strains, transduction of His, Leu and Tyr markers could be demonstrated in this system. The(More)
Acetobacter methanolicus MB 70 was shown to be related to the type strain of this species MB 58/4 (IMET 10945) having the same galactan-->2)-beta-D-Gal f-(1-->3)-beta-D-Gal p-(1-->as the capsular polysaccharide (CPS) and the O-side-chain of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Additionally, a glucan built up of the disaccharide repeating unit-->6)-alpha-D-Glc(More)