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Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), characterized by recurrent infections, is the most prevalent symptomatic antibody deficiency. In ∼90% of CVID-affected individuals, no genetic cause of the disease has been identified. In a Dutch-Australian CVID-affected family, we identified a NFKB1 heterozygous splice-donor-site mutation (c.730+4A>G), causing(More)
The homeostasis of circulating B cell subsets in the peripheral blood of healthy adults is well regulated, but in disease it can be severely disturbed. Thus, a subgroup of patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) presents with an extraordinary expansion of an unusual B cell population characterized by the low expression of CD21. CD21(low) B(More)
BACKGROUND Profound combined immunodeficiency can present with normal numbers of T and B cells, and therefore the functional defect of the cellular and humoral immune response is often not recognized until the first severe clinical manifestation. Here we report a patient of consanguineous descent presenting at 13 months of age with hypogammaglobulinemia,(More)
Several lines of evidence have demonstrated B cell intrinsic activation defects in patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). The rapid increase of intracellular free calcium concentrations after engagement of the BCR represents one crucial element in this activation process. The analysis of 53 patients with CVID for BCR-induced calcium flux(More)
Mutations in LPS-responsive and beige-like anchor (LRBA) gene were recently described in patients with combined immunodeficiency, enteropathy and autoimmune cytopenia. Here, we extend the clinical and immunological phenotypic spectrum of LRBA associated disorders by reporting on three patients from two unrelated families who presented with splenomegaly and(More)
Combined immune deficiencies (CID) are defined by severely impaired adaptive immunity leading to increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections, immune dysregulation and malignancies. CID of moderate severity may not lead to death in infancy but still carry a high burden of morbidity and mortality during childhood. Here we report a deleterious(More)
Next-generation DNA sequencing has accelerated the genetic characterization of many human primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs). These discoveries can be lifesaving for the affected patients and also provide a unique opportunity to study the effect of specific genes on human immune function. In the past 18 months, a number of independent groups have(More)
A subset of patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), group 1a of the Freiburg classification, is characterized by increased B cells expressing low levels of CD21 (CD21(low) ), lymphoproliferation and autoimmunity. The CD21(low) B cells have been shown to be profoundly anergic, and defects of BCR-mediated calcium signaling and of T cells have(More)
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is characterized by low levels of circulating immunoglobulins and compromised specific antibody response leading to frequent infections. Cytokines play an important role in the orchestration of the antibody response. Several previous studies have attempted to identify distinct cytokines responsible for the(More)
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