Badr A. Alseikhan

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Acute modulation of P/Q-type (alpha1A) calcium channels by neuronal activity-dependent changes in intracellular Ca2+ concentration may contribute to short-term synaptic plasticity, potentially enriching the neurocomputational capabilities of the brain. An unconventional mechanism for such channel modulation has been proposed in which calmodulin (CaM) may(More)
L-type (CaV1.2) and P/Q-type (CaV2.1) calcium channels possess lobe-specific CaM regulation, where Ca2+ binding to one or the other lobe of CaM triggers regulation, even with inverted polarity of modulation between channels. Other major members of the CaV1-2 channel family, R-type (CaV2.3) and N-type (CaV2.2), have appeared to lack such CaM regulation. We(More)
Among the most intriguing forms of Ca(2+) channel modulation is the regulation of L-type and P/Q-type channels by intracellular Ca(2+), acting via unconventional channel-calmodulin (CaM) interactions. In particular, overexpressing Ca(2+)-insensitive mutant CaM abolishes Ca(2+)-dependent modulation, hinting that Ca(2+)-free CaM may "preassociate" with these(More)
Ca(V)1.3 channels comprise a vital subdivision of L-type Ca2+ channels: Ca(V)1.3 channels mediate neurotransmitter release from auditory inner hair cells (IHCs), pancreatic insulin secretion, and cardiac pacemaking. Fitting with these diverse roles, Ca(V)1.3 channels exhibit striking variability in their inactivation by intracellular Ca2+. IHCs show(More)
Triadin is an integral membrane protein of the junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum that binds to the high capacity Ca(2+)-binding protein calsequestrin and anchors it to the ryanodine receptor. The lumenal domain of triadin contains multiple repeats of alternating lysine and glutamic acid residues, which have been defined as KEKE motifs and have been proposed(More)
Engineered calmodulins (CaMs), rendered Ca2+-insensitive by mutations, function as dominant negatives in heterologous systems, and have revealed mechanisms of ion channel modulation by Ca2+/CaM. The use of these CaMs in native mammalian cells now emerges as a strategy to unmask the biology of such Ca2+ feedback. Here, we developed recombinant adenoviruses(More)
Recombinant adenoviruses were used to overexpress green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fused auxiliary Ca(2+) channel beta subunits (beta(1)-beta(4)) in cultured adult rat heart cells, to explore new dimensions of beta subunit functions in vivo. Distinct beta-GFP subunits distributed differentially between the surface sarcolemma, transverse elements, and nucleus(More)
P-type (CaV2.1) Ca2+ channels are a central conduit of neuronal Ca2+ entry, so their Ca2+ feedback regulation promises widespread neurobiological impact. Heterologous expression of recombinant CaV2.1 channels demonstrates that the Ca2+ sensor calmodulin can trigger Ca2+-dependent facilitation (CDF) of channel opening. This facilitation occurs when local(More)
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