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Insulin resistance is a fundamental aspect for the etiology of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and has links with a wide array of secondary disorders including weight gain and obesity. The present study analyzes the effect of Cichorium intybus methanolic (CME) extract on glucose transport and adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 cells by(More)
The aim of the present study is to probe the anti-inflammatory potential of the plant Boswellia serrata by studying the effect of the crude extract and the pure compound isolated from it on key inflammatory mediators like TNFalpha, IL-1beta, and NO thus enabling the understanding of the key signaling events involved. The crude methanolic extract and the(More)
Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) are estrogen receptor (ER) ligands exhibiting tissue-specific agonistic or antagonistic biocharacter and are used in the hormonal therapy for estrogen-dependent breast cancers. Pomegranate fruit has been shown to exert antiproliferative effects on human breast cancer cells in vitro. In this study, we(More)
Antibiotic treatment for infectious diseases commonly leads to host inflammatory responses. Molecules with bifunctional antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties could provide a solution for such clinical manifestations. Here we report such bifunctional activity for a diarylheptanoid (5-hydroxy-7-(4''-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone)(More)
The current study investigated the immunomodulatory potential of ethyl acetate soluble supernatant of Lactobacillus casei (LC-EAS) in vitro. The effect of LC-EAS on nitric oxide release was analyzed in RAW 264.7 cells, wherein, an inhibition in nitric oxide production through suppression of inducible nitric oxide synthase mRNA expression was observed.(More)
Emerging data indicate that gut-derived endotoxin (metabolic endotoxemia) may contribute to low-grade systemic inflammation in insulin-resistant states. Specific gut bacteria seem to serve as lipopolysaccharide (LPS) sources and several reports claim a role for increased intestinal permeability in the genesis of metabolic disorders. Therefore, we(More)
BACKGROUND The present study focuses on identifying and developing an anti-diabetic molecule from plant sources that would effectively combat insulin resistance through proper channeling of glucose metabolism involving glucose transport and storage. METHODS Insulin-stimulated glucose uptake formed the basis for isolation of a bioactive molecule through(More)
AIM The present study investigates the efficacy of Mangifera indica ethyl acetate extract (MIEE) and its bioactive compound, 3β-taraxerol in the reversal of dexamethasone (DEX) induced insulin resistance in 3T3L1 adipocytes. MAIN METHODS MIEE and 3β-taraxerol were evaluated for their ability to restore impaired glucose uptake and, expression of molecular(More)
Cell division and apoptosis are two crucial components of tumor biology and the importance of increased cell proliferation and reduced cell death have made them valid therapeutic targets. The plant kingdom is a relatively underexploited cache of novel drugs, and crude extracts of plants are known for their synergistic activity. The present study assessed(More)
In present study, selenium was selected for evaluating effect of selenium on aluminum chloride (AlCl3)-induced Alzheimer’s disease in rats. Thirty Wistar rats were divided into five groups of six in each. Group I (control) received distilled water, group II—AlCl3 (100 mg/kg, p.o.), group III—selenium (1 mg/kg, p.o.), group IV—AlCl3 + vitamin E (100 mg/kg,(More)