Badar Sabir Ali

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BACKGROUND Postpartum anxiety and depression has detrimental effects on the overall mental development of children. This study aims to assess the impact of postpartum anxiety and depression on children's mental development on all sub-scales in a Pakistani population. METHODS A quasi-experimental study was conducted in two peri-urban communities of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess if eight counseling sessions conducted by women minimally trained as community counselors could reduce the mean level of anxiety and/or depression in women of their own community. DESIGN A randomized controlled trial. SETTING A lower-middle-class, semi-urban community in Karachi, Pakistan. PARTICIPANTS 366 anxious and/or depressed(More)
BACKGROUND Postpartum anxiety and depression is a major public health concern because of its adverse effects on the cognitive and social development of the infant. Globally postpartum depression has been widely investigated but as anxiety is a more prominent feature of postpartum depression we assessed the prevalence of anxiety and depression and their(More)
BACKGROUND Depression among women is common in developing countries. Gender inequality can contribute to women's risk for depression. Lack of reproductive and sexual rights is an important marker of gender inequality and women do not have the freedom to express their reproductive and sexual needs in many parts of the world. Therefore we designed this study(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of anxiety/depression is quite high during the perinatal period but unfortunately its detection and treatment have been less than satisfactory. Moreover, many women are reluctant to take pharmacotherapy for fear of excretion of drugs into their breast milk. This study assesses the effectiveness of counseling from minimally trained(More)
Antepartum anxiety and/or depression is a major public health problem globally. The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of antepartum anxiety and/or depression among pregnant women. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary care hospital among pregnant women. A total of 165 pregnant women were interviewed by a clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Management of diabetes is a painstaking and careful approach. This study was aimed to evaluate the quality of care for the management of diabetes provided by family practitioners to their patients having diabetes. This is a retrospective audit of medical records conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital of private sector in Karachi for one(More)
OBJECTIVES The rising burden of preventable risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among adolescents is a major public health challenge worldwide. We identified the preventable risk factors for NCDs in adolescents. METHODS In a school-based study, pre-tested structured questionnaires were completed by 414 adolescents (14 to 17 years) at six(More)
Liver cancer is among the most prevalent cancers in the world and it is mainly related to the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). This study evaluated the effectiveness of educational intervention on knowledge and practices regarding hepatitis B and hepatitis C among barbers. After completion of baseline interviews of 70 barbers in Karachi,(More)
One of the Millennium Development Goals is to combat HIV, the burden of which continues to increase in developing countries, like Pakistan. The prevalence is high among the high-risk population, and the use of unsterilized surgical instruments, traditional straight razors, and blades adds to the spread of this disease. This study assesses the effect of an(More)