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OBJECTIVES To determine whether the simultaneous measurement of tissue pH, Pco2, and Po2 with a multiple-parameter fiberoptic sensor can be used to indicate the onset of hepatic dysoxia, to determine critical values, and to assess their use in predicting negative outcomes. DESIGN Prospective animal study. SETTING University research laboratory. (More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhage continues to be a leading cause of death from trauma sustained both in combat and in the civilian setting. New models of hemorrhage may add value in both improving our understanding of the physiologic responses to severe bleeding and as platforms to develop and test new monitoring and therapeutic techniques. We examined changes in(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the responses of noninvasively measured tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) and calculated muscle oxygen tension (PmO2) to standard hemodynamic variables for early detection of imminent hemodynamic instability during progressive central hypovolemia in humans. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Research laboratory. SUBJECTS Sixteen(More)
Oxygen and acid-base status during exercise is well established for the lungs, large arteries and veins. However, values for these parameters in exercising muscle are less frequently reported. In this study we examined the relationship between intramuscular PO(2), pH, PCO(2) and the comparable venous values during rhythmic isometric handgrip exercise at(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhage is a major cause of soldier death; it must be quickly identified and appropriately treated. We developed a prototype patient monitor that noninvasively and continuously determines muscle oxygen saturation (SmO₂), muscle pH (pHm), and a regional assessment of blood volume (HbT) using near-infrared spectroscopy. Previous demonstration in(More)
Mechanical coronary artery occlusion is required for minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass and off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. It is important that the method of occlusion be minimally traumatic. Chronic effects of these methods have never been studied. Temporary occlusion of coronaries utilizing suture snare, silastic loop snare, and(More)
Ten healthy human volunteers were subjected to progressive lower body negative pressure (LBNP) to the onset of cardiovascular collapse to compare the response of noninvasively determined skin and fat corrected deep muscle oxygen saturation (SmO2) and pH to standard hemodynamic parameters for early detection of imminent hemodynamic instability. Muscle SmO2(More)
BACKGROUND During hemorrhagic shock blood flow to vital organs is maintained by the diversion of blood from both the splanchnic organs and skeletal muscle. In this swine study, we tested the hypotheses that (1). liver and muscle pH are correlated during both shock and resuscitation and (2). muscle pH during shock is an indicator of potential liver injury(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy of the liver to simultaneously assess oxygen content in combination with tissue pH, an indicator of anaerobic metabolism. Six anesthetized swine were subjected to 45 min of hemorrhagic shock followed by resuscitation with blood and crystalloid. Calibration(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare tissue pH in the stomach, bowel, and abdominal wall muscle during hemorrhagic shock and recovery using tissue electrodes; also, to compare tissue electrode pH measurements to gastric intramucosal pH (pHi), gastric luminal PCO2, and PCO2 gap (gastric luminal CO2--arterial CO2) measured with an air-equilibrated tonometer. DESIGN(More)