Babette Y. Kögel

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( )-(1R,2R)-3-(3-Dimethylamino-1-ethyl-2-methyl-propyl)-phenol hydrochloride (tapentadol HCl) is a novel -opioid receptor (MOR) agonist (Ki 0.1 M; relative efficacy compared with morphine 88% in a [S]guanosine 5 -3-O-(thio)triphosphate binding assay) and NE reuptake inhibitor (Ki 0.5 M for synaptosomal reuptake inhibition). In vivo intracerebral(More)
(-)-(1R,2R)-3-(3-dimethylamino-1-ethyl-2-methyl-propyl)-phenol hydrochloride (tapentadol HCl) is a novel micro-opioid receptor (MOR) agonist (Ki = 0.1 microM; relative efficacy compared with morphine 88% in a [35S]guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate binding assay) and NE reuptake inhibitor (Ki = 0.5 microM for synaptosomal reuptake inhibition). In vivo(More)
Cebranopadol (trans-6'-fluoro-4',9'-dihydro-N,N-dimethyl-4-phenyl-spiro[cyclohexane-1,1'(3'H)-pyrano[3,4-b]indol]-4-amine) is a novel analgesic nociceptin/orphanin FQ peptide (NOP) and opioid receptor agonist [Ki (nM)/EC50 (nM)/relative efficacy (%): human NOP receptor 0.9/13.0/89; human mu-opioid peptide (MOP) receptor 0.7/1.2/104; human kappa-opioid(More)
Buprenorphine is a potent opioid analgesic clinically used to treat moderate to severe pain. The present study assessed its analgesic efficacy in a broad range of rodent models of acute and chronic pain. In the phenylquinone writhing, hot plate, and tail flick mouse models of acute pain, full analgesic efficacy was obtained (ED50 values: 0.0084-0.16 mg/kg(More)
The function of the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) cation channel was analyzed with RNA interference technologies and compared to TRPV1 knockout mice. Expression of shRNAs targeting TRPV1 in transgenic (tg) mice was proven by RNase protection assays, and TRPV1 downregulation was confirmed by reduced expression of TRPV1 mRNA and lack of(More)
INTRODUCTION Many opioid analgesics share common structural elements; however, minor differences in structure can result in major differences in pharmacological activity, pharmacokinetic profile, and clinical efficacy and tolerability. AREAS COVERED This review compares and contrasts the chemistry, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, and CNS 'functional(More)
The metabolic pathway leading to carboxylic acid derivatives of cannabinoids was discovered more than twenty years ago. While these compounds showed no cannabimimetic activity, subsequent work documented several biological responses both in vitro and in vivo for the THC acids. These include inhibition of eicosanoid synthesis, antiedema effects, antagonism(More)
Tapentadol is a novel, centrally-acting analgesic drug, with an analgesic efficacy comparable to that of strong opioids such as oxycodone and morphine. Its high efficacy has been demonstrated in a range of animal models of acute and chronic, nociceptive, inflammatory, and neuropathic pain as well as in clinical studies with moderate to severe pain arising(More)
3,7-Diazabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-9-ones having aryl rings in positions 2 and 4 with systematically varied substituents were synthesized using a double Mannich procedure. Radioligand binding assays were performed to measure the affinity of the compounds to the mu-, delta-, and kappa-opioid receptors. The affinity of all 2, 4-diphenyl-substituted(More)
BACKGROUND The pig is one of the most frequently used large animal models for biomedical research, especially in the field of translational research and surgical models. While standard livestock breeds are used in short-term and acute studies, minipig breeds are the preferred breeds in long-term and chronic studies due to their limited growth and body(More)