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Whole-genome analysis using high-density single-nucleotide-polymorphism oligonucleotide arrays allows identification of microdeletions, microduplications, and uniparental disomies. We studied 67 children with unexplained mental retardation with normal karyotypes, as assessed by G-banded chromosome analyses. Their DNAs were analyzed with Affymetrix 100K(More)
Patients with Kallmann's syndrome show hypothalamic hypogonadism, hyposmia, and congenital mirror movements. As a correlate, a defect of gonadotropic neuron migration into the brain was recently detected. Considering abnormal outgrowth of neurons also as a possible substrate underlying mirror movements, we studied 3 patients and 2 asymptomatic female gene(More)
We have identified and characterized two unrelated patients with prenatal onset of microcephaly, intrauterine growth retardation, feeding problems, developmental delay, and febrile seizures/epilepsy who both carry a de novo balanced translocation that truncates the DYRK1A gene at chromosome 21q22.2. DYRK1A belongs to the dual-specificity tyrosine(More)
Kallmann syndrome is a genetically heterogeneous disease characterized by hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia. Six families in which the disorder followed an X-linked inheritance were investigated by linkage analysis. Diagnostic criteria were uniformly applied and included tests for hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia. Close linkage was found by(More)
The olfactory system provides a unique model for developmental neurobiology. Precise targeting of axonal projections from sensory neurons located in the olfactory epithelium to specific neurons in the olfactory bulb establishes a highly refined spatial sensory map. Distinctively, this process is not restricted to embryonic stages, but continues during the(More)
PURPOSE To identify morphologic differences between Kallman syndrome (KS) and idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) and establish a role for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in these disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-eight patients were compared with 10 eugonal male volunteers. Eighteen patients had KS (hypogonadotropic hypogonadism with(More)
Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) refers to an endocrine defect of hypothalamic origin resulting in gonadal hypoplasia and frequently associated with anosmia or severely impaired olfactory function (Kallmann's syndrome). This apparently results from a disruption in the migration of neurons from the olfactory placode to the bulb and hypothalamus early in(More)
We report the molecular characterization of a patient with Kallmann syndrome and bone anomalies bearing a balanced de novo translocation t(7;9)(p14.1;q31.3) which completely disrupts the A-kinase anchor protein 2 gene (AKAP2) on chromosome 9. In order to investigate the role of AKAP2 in the pathogenesis of the disease, we analyzed the expression of Akap2 in(More)
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