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Probiotic bacteria, including Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum, have been shown to enhance antibody responses in mammals. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of a probiotic product containing the above bacteria in addition to Streptococcus faecalis on the induction of the chicken antibody response to various antigens,(More)
Feather follicles of birds infected with Marek's disease virus (MDV) serve as the sole source of infectious virus particles. The present study was aimed at developing a SYBR Green real-time PCR assay to detect and quantify MDV loads in feather tips targeting meq gene of the virus. The assay had a dynamic range of 8 logs, mean inter- and intra-assay(More)
Provincial broiler-chicken marketing boards in Canada have recently implemented an on-farm food safety program called Safe, Safer, Safest. The purpose of this study was to measure broiler chicken producers' attitudes toward the program and food safety topics and use of highly recommended good production practices (GPP). Mailed and Web-based questionnaires(More)
Commensal bacteria in the intestine play an important role in the development of immune response. These bacteria interact with cells of the gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALT). Among cells of the GALT, B-1 cells are of note. These cells are involved in the production of natural antibodies. In the present study, we determined whether manipulation of the(More)
Five cases of infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) occurred in the fall of 2004 in the Niagara Peninsula, in Southern Ontario. At about the same time two more cases occurred in Eastern Ontario and one case in South-Western Ontario. We examined, at a molecular level, 10 Ontario ILT virus field isolates from 2004 and early 2005 as well as four ILT vaccine(More)
Enterococcus cecorum is a normal inhabitant of the intestine of birds and other vertebrates. It has recently emerged in Canada and other countries as an important cause of arthritis and osteomyelitis in chickens. The objectives of this study were to assess if this emergence was caused by a particular clone of E. cecorum and to assess the antimicrobial(More)
The bacterial microbiota in the broiler gastrointestinal tract are crucial for chicken health and growth. Their composition can vary among individual birds. To evaluate the composition of chicken microbiota in response to environmental disruption accurately, 4 different pools made up of 2, 5, 10, and 15 individuals were used to determine how many(More)
Subtherapeutic and prophylactic doses of virginiamycin are capable of altering the intestinal microbiota as well as increasing several growth parameters in chickens. In spite of the fact that the microbiota plays a role in shaping the host's immune system, little information is available on the effects of in-feed antibiotics on the chicken immune system.(More)
During an epidemic of mycoplasmosis in chicken and turkey flocks in North Carolina between 1999 and 2001, isolates of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) from affected flocks were characterized by random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD), and eight distinct RAPD types were identified. MG RAPD type B accounted for more than 90% of the isolates and was(More)
The effects of diet composition on development of digestive organs and apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of nutrients were studied in 21 d old broilers. There were twelve treatments arranged factorially with two cereals (corn and rice), two processing methods (HP) (raw and cooked at 90°C from 50 min), and three fi ber sources [none, 3% oat hulls (OH), and(More)