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Hippocampal neurons exhibit a slow afterhyperpolarization following membrane depolarization; this is thought to reflect an underlying Ca2+-dependent K+ current. This current is potentiated by intermediate concentrations (0.1-1.0 mM) of exogenous Ca2+ buffer [Schwindt P. C. et al. (1992) Neuroscience 47, 571-578; Zhang L. et al. (1995) J. Neurophysiol. 74,(More)
OBJECT Interest has developed in the use of magnesium (Mg++) as a neuroprotectant and antivasospastic agent. Magnesium may increase cerebral blood flow (CBF) and reduce the contraction of cerebral arteries caused by various stimuli. In this study the authors tested the hypothesis that a continuous intravenous infusion of Mg++ reduces cerebral vasospasm(More)
Objective. The purpose of our study was to understand the association between serum triglycerides and outcomes in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. Methods. A cohort of all adult patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with an AIS from March 2004 to December 2005 were selected. The lipid profile levels were measured within 24 hours of(More)
Electrophysiological and molecular characteristics of voltage-dependent calcium (Ca(2+)) channels were studied using whole-cell patch clamp, polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting in smooth muscle cells freshly isolated from dog basilar artery. Inward currents evoked by depolarizing steps from a holding potential of -50 or -90 mV in 10 mm barium(More)
BACKGROUND Our understanding of the pathogenesis of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) has been limited by the lack of adequate animal models. In this study we evaluate the time course of angiographic, hemodynamic and histopathological changes in an arteriovenous fistula in rats as a potential model. METHODS An(More)
OBJECT This study was conducted for two purposes. The first was to determine whether a combination of measurements of subarachnoid clot volume, clearance rate, and density could improve prediction of which patients experience vasospasm. The second was to determine if each of these three measures could be used independently to predict vasospasm. METHODS(More)
Glial cells isolated from the nervous system are sensitive to neurotransmitters and may therefore be involved in synaptic transmission. The sensitivity of individual perisynaptic Schwann cells to activity of a single synapse was investigated, in situ, at the frog neuromuscular junction by monitoring changes in intracellular Ca2+ in the Schwann cells. Motor(More)
BACKGROUND Calcified chronic subdural hematomas occur infrequently. When the calcifications are extensive and bilateral, the condition is termed "armored brain". We describe a case of "armored brain" incidentally discovered in an adult presenting with abdominal pain and mild headaches, long after initial placement of a ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt. (More)
BACKGROUND Seroepidemiological studies have shown an association between raised antibody titres against Chlamydia pneumoniae, and carotid atherosclerosis or stroke. However, direct evidence for a causal link between arterial infection with C. pneumoniae and carotid disease remains weak. We hypothesized that long-term follow-up of patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE Giant (>or=25 mm) intracranial aneurysms (IA) have an extremely poor natural history and continue to confound modern techniques for management. Currently, there is a dearth of large series examining endovascular treatment of giant IAs only. METHODS We reviewed long-term clinical and radiological outcome from a series of 39 consecutive giant IAs(More)