Babak Behnam

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The freezing tolerance of 38 independent transgenic potato lines derived from the cultivar Desiree was tested in vitro using plantlets. The lines were transgenic for the DREB1A gene under control of the rd29A promoter, both of which were derived from Arabidopsis thaliana. The level of damage caused by freezing varied significantly among the transgenic(More)
Plants respond to dehydration stress and tolerate water-deficit status through complex physiological and cellular processes. Many genes are induced by water deficit. Abscisic acid (ABA) plays important roles in tolerance to dehydration stress by inducing many stress genes. ABA is synthesized de novo in response to dehydration. Most of the genes involved in(More)
Mutations in the cilia-centrosomal protein Retinitis Pigmentosa GTPase Regulator (RPGR) are a frequent cause of retinal degeneration. The RPGR gene undergoes complex alternative splicing and encodes multiple protein isoforms. To elucidate the function of major RPGR isoforms (RPGR 1-19 and RPGR ORF15), we have generated isoform-specific antibodies and(More)
Mutations in the RB1 gene lead to retinoblastoma, which is the most common intraocular tumor in children under the age of 6. In the present survey, the mutations of 18 unrelated Iranian retinoblastoma patients were characterized. Mutation analysis of the RB1 gene was performed in patients by sequencing all coding regions and by multiplex ligation(More)
Manganese inhibits oxidative stress damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective role of manganese on testis structure and sperm parameters in adult mice exposed to formaldehyde (FA). Twenty adult male NMRI mice were selected and randomly divided into four groups: (i) control; (ii) sham; (iii) 'FA'-exposed group; and (iv) 'FA and(More)
A 39-year-old pregnant woman at 38 weeks of gestation was referred with labor pain to a hospital. She had consanguinity with her husband. A female newborn had multiple craniofacial anomalies and phocomelia in right upper limb. The disease locus was assigned to chromosome17q21. Four days later, infant died of cardiopulmonary arrest.
Metastatic colonization represents the final step of metastasis, and is the major cause of cancer mortality. Metastasis as an “inefficient” process requires the right population of tumor cells in a suitable microenvironment to form secondary tumors. Cancer stem cells are the only capable population of tumor cells to progress to overt metastasis. On the(More)
OBJECTIVES Intracerebral injection of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) is being investigated as a therapeutic tool to prevent Alzheimer's disease (AD). Our aim was to investigate the effects of BMSCs by intrathecal injection in AD rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS BMSCs were obtained from the bone marrow of Wistar rat and transplanted into AD rat model(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the long-term effect of testicular torsion on sperm parameters and testis structure in order to introduce a novel mice azoospermic model for spermatogonial stem cell transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Unilateral testicular torsion was created. The animals were divided into two groups each containing 15 mice. They underwent 2 and(More)
Estrogen (E2) plays a critical role in the etiology and progression of human breast cancer. The estrogenic response is complex and not completely understood, including in terms of the involved responsive genes. Here we show that Hsp22 (synonyms: HspB8, E2lG1, H11), a member of the small heat shock protein (sHSP) superfamily, was induced by E2 in estrogen(More)