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In origin immunoglobulins in mammary secretions are both humoral, arising from the blood stream, and local, arising from production by plasmacytes in the mammary gland. The relative importance of each of these sources varies between species. In some species (human, rabbit, etc.), the transfer of maternal immunoglobulins to the blood stream of the neonate(More)
Production rates (entry rate into blood plasma) and other metabolic parameters for the IgG1 and IgG2 subclasses of immunoglobulins in mammary secretions (ratio of about 7 to 1) were determined in cows around the time of parturition by both single-injection and continuous-infusion isotope-dilution techniques. Four cows were given a single dose of 150 to 200(More)
Blood and colostrum samples were obtained from 87 dairy cows in five lactation groups and analyzed for immunoglobulins G1, G2, M, and A. The five groups ranged from cows in first lactation, about 30 mo of age, to cows in fifth or more lactation, about 84 mo of age. Compared to older groups, blood serum of cows in first lactation contained less G1. Cows in(More)
Previous reports were confirmed that specific binding sites exist on bovine mammary cells near parturition presumably involved in the transfer of immunoglobulins IgG1 and IgG2 across the mammary gland at the time of colostrum formation. Determination of the kinetic parameters of these binding sites using 125I-labeled IgG1 and IgG2 immunoglobulins indicated(More)
Recent years have seen a great increase in the knowledge and understanding of milk proteins. Arising from several origins including the blood stream and various cellular sources, many of the proteins found in milk are products of the secretory cells directly involved in the synthesis and secretion processes of various milk components. The lactation-specific(More)
The differential distributions of IgG1 and IgG2 were determined in prepartum and lactating bovine mammary tissue by indirect immunofluorescence. IgG1 was found predominately within the alveolar epithelial cells and lumens of prepartum tissue whereas IgG2 was largely confined to the stromal area surrounding the alveoli. Both IgG subclasses were confined(More)
Rat alpha-lactalbumin, from the milk of Fischer 344 (CDF) rats, was isolated and purified by a combination of gel filtration and diethylaminoethyl-cellulose ion exchange chromatography. Three electrophoretically distinct proteins had alpha-lactalbumin activity. Staining for carbohydrate indicated that at least two of the three forms were glycoproteins. The(More)
The dairy goat has been used widely in lactation research due in large part to availability, convenience in size and handling, economic considerations, and similarity to the cow as a ruminant species in general and metabolic processes. Considerable basic knowledge of lactation relating to all species has been derived from studies with goats. Although the(More)