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AIM To report hypoglycaemia, a life-threatening adverse event, associated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. A sulfonylurea-like effect, leading to insulin raise, was investigated. METHODS Two cases of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-associated hypoglycaemia in 2 patients with a diagnosis of new HIV-1-infection presenting with Pneumocystis jiroveci(More)
After starting highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), HIV-infected patients may experience what is termed immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). IRIS is characterized by a paradoxical inflammatory response to either previously or recently treated infections or unmasked subclinical infections, when the patient regains the ability to mount(More)
The relationship between hepatic tolerance and hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection has not been extensively studied in clinical practice. We assessed the efficacy and safety of raltegravir-based therapy in an Italian cohort of HIV/HCV co-infected patients. One hundred and forty patients with HIV/HCV co-infection initiating raltegravir from SCOLTA project(More)
The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has reduced mortality and improved life expectancy of HIV-positive patients. However, increased survival is associated with increased prevalence of comorbidities, such as cardiovascular disease, hepatic and renal disease. Kidney disease, including HIV-associated nephropathy, acute renal(More)
AIM Vitamin D deficiency is very common among HIV-infected subjects. We cross-sectionally evaluated the prevalence and risk factors for hypovitaminosis D in 91 HIV-infected Italian patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS We studied in a cohort of 91 HIV-infected Italian patients the metabolism of Vitamin D by evaluating the in vitro expression of CYP27B1, CYP24A1(More)
INTRODUCTION Anxiety disorders are frequent in HIV-infected individuals, can pre-exist or occur during HIV infection. We evaluated with a self-reported questionnaire whether anxiety is related to HIV clinical status and therapeutic success in a cohort of HIV-positive subjects in Sicily. PATIENTS AND METHODS We enrolled 251 patients on combination(More)
OBJECTIVES Across Europe, more than one third of patients are diagnosed with HIV infection late. Late presentation for care has been associated with higher risk of clinical progression and mortality. In the present study, we evaluated the prevalence, epidemiological characteristics and survival probability of patients with late and very late presentation,(More)
In a study of 175 intravenous drug addicts from Eastern Sicily, 58.3% were found to be anti-HCV positive. In this population, the presence of anti-HCV was independent of HIV infection, age, duration of drug use and the practice of needle sharing. This may indicate that HCV is more readily transmitted (or spread earlier in this population) among drug addicts(More)