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Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa
Homo naledi is a previously-unknown species of extinct hominin discovered within the Dinaledi Chamber of the Rising Star cave system, Cradle of Humankind, South Africa. This species is characterized…
The Lower Limb and Mechanics of Walking in Australopithecus sediba
The discovery of a relatively complete Australopithecus sediba adult female skeleton permits a detailed locomotor analysis in which joint systems can be integrated to form a comprehensive picture of…
The Foot and Ankle of Australopithecus sediba
- B. Zipfel, J. DeSilva, R. Kidd, K. Carlson, S. Churchill, L. Berger
- Environmental Science, BiologyScience
- 9 September 2011
Observations suggest, if present models of foot function are correct, that Au.
Earliest hominin cancer: 1.7-million-year- old osteosarcoma from Swartkrans Cave, South Africa
The expression of malignant osteosarcoma in the Swartkrans specimen indicates that whilst the upsurge in malignancy incidence is correlated with modern lifestyles, there is no reason to suspect that primary bone tumours would have been any less frequent in ancient specimens.
Tooth chipping can reveal the diet and bite forces of fossil hominins
A simple fracture equation is applied to estimate peak bite forces directly from chip size of fossil hominins, supporting the inference that these species must have consumed large hard foods such as seeds.
The foot of Homo naledi
The H. naledi foot is predominantly modern human-like in morphology and inferred function, with an adducted hallux, an elongated tarsus, and derived ankle and calcaneocuboid joints, thus providing further evidence of locomotor diversity within both the hominin clade and the genus Homo.
Recent origin of low trabecular bone density in modern humans
- H. Chirchir, T. Kivell, B. Richmond
- Biology, GeographyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 22 December 2014
The results show that trabecular density remained high throughout human evolution until it decreased significantly in recent modern humans, suggesting a possible link between changes in the authors' skeleton and increased sedentism.
Global climate perturbations during the Permo-Triassic mass extinctions recorded by continental tetrapods from South Africa
Earliest complete hominin fifth metatarsal-Implications for the evolution of the lateral column of the foot.
- B. Zipfel, J. DeSilva, R. Kidd
- Biology, GeographyAmerican journal of physical anthropology
- 1 November 2009
It is concluded that, at least in the lateral component of the foot of the StW 114/115 individual, the biomechanical pattern is very similar to that of modern humans.