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The human genus.
TLDR
A revised definition is presented, based on verifiable criteria, for Homo and it is concluded that two species, Homo habilis and Homo rudolfensis, do not belong in the genus.
Hominin life history: reconstruction and evolution
TLDR
It is found that body mass is the best predictor of great ape life history events, while the body sizes, brain sizes, and dental development of Homo heidelbergensis and Homo neanderthalensis are consistent with a modern human life history but samples are too small to be certain that they have life histories within the modern human range.
Dental enamel as a dietary indicator in mammals.
TLDR
Using principles of fracture and deformation of solids to provide a quantitative account of how mammalian enamel may be adapted to diet, enamel could be especially useful as a dietary indicator for extinct taxa.
Implications of early hominid labyrinthine morphology for evolution of human bipedal locomotion
TLDR
A systematic attempt to reconstruct the locomotor behaviour of early hominids by looking at a major component of the mechanism for the unconscious perception of movement, namely by examining the vestibular system of living primates and earlyhominids.
Early hominin limb proportions.
TLDR
Results suggest that the relative forearm length of BOU-VP-12/1 is unique among hominins, exceeding those of the African apes and resembling the proportions in Pongo, and that it may be premature to consider H. habilis as having more apelike limb proportions than those in A. afarensis.
Hominid cranial remains
TLDR
This work reviews the relevant hominid taxa presently recognized in the Pilo-Pleistocene of East Africa and presents the Koobi Fora evidence in context, which shows Variation in early Homo from East Africa in context.
Early archaeological sites, hominid remains and traces of fire from Chesowanja, Kenya
Recent investigations of Lower Pleistocene sites at Chesowanja have yielded in situ Oldowan and Oldowan-like stone artefacts, evidence of fire and a fragmentary ‘robust’ australopithecine cranium.
Homoplasy and earlyHomo: an analysis of the evolutionary relationships ofH. habilissensu stricto andH. rudolfensis
TLDR
A cladistic analysis of 48 of the most commonly-used cranial characters from recent studies of Pliocene hominid phylogeny and which distinguish two taxa within H. habilis sensu latos suggests that these fossils have different evolutionary affinities.
Isotopic evidence of early hominin diets
TLDR
There is a trend toward greater consumption of 13C-enriched foods in early hominins over time, although this trend varies by region, and hominin carbon isotope ratios also increase with postcanine tooth area and mandibular cross-sectional area, which could indicate that these foods played a role in the evolution of australopith masticatory robusticity.
Variations in enamel thickness and structure in East African hominids.
  • A. Beynon, B. Wood
  • Medicine, Materials Science
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1 June 1986
TLDR
The study of fractured enamel surfaces can contribute to the understanding of the systematic relationships and patterns of enamel growth of early hominids.
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