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Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
The distinctive geographic footprints of recurrent bleaching on the Great Barrier Reef in 1998, 2002 and 2016 were determined by the spatial pattern of sea temperatures in each year, suggesting that local protection of reefs affords little or no resistance to extreme heat.
Synchronous spawnings of 105 scleractinian coral species on the Great Barrier Reef
Multispecific synchronous spawning, or “mass spawning”, of scleractinian and some alcyonacean corals represents a phenomenon which is, so far, unique in both marine and terrestrial communities.
Coral Disease on the Great Barrier Reef
Comparisons between records in the Global Disease Database from the Caribbean reef region and Indo-Pacific reefs suggest that either disease is genuinely more prevalent in the Caribbean or lack of studies in other reef regions is underestimating its distribution and abundance.
Thermal Stress and Coral Cover as Drivers of Coral Disease Outbreaks
The results indicate that the frequency of temperature anomalies, which is predicted to increase in most tropical oceans, can increase the susceptibility of corals to disease, leading to outbreaks where corals are abundant.
Systematic and Biogeographical Patterns in the Reproductive Biology of Scleractinian Corals
Systematic and biogeographical patterns in the reproductive biology of the Scleractinia are explored within the context of a new molecular phylogeny and using reproductive traits from nearly 400 species, confirming that coral sexuality is highly conserved, and mode of larval development is relatively plastic.
Mass Spawning in Tropical Reef Corals
Synchronous multispecific spawning by a total of 32 coral species occurred a few nights after late spring full moons in 1981 and 1982 at three locations on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. The data
Flexibility in Algal Endosymbioses Shapes Growth in Reef Corals
It is shown that initial uptake of zooxanthellae by juvenile corals during natural infection is nonspecific, the association is flexible and characterized by a change in (dominant) Zooxanthella strains over time; and growth rates of experimentally infected coral holobionts are partly contingent on the zooxanhellae strain harbored.
Larval retention and connectivity among populations of corals and reef fishes: history, advances and challenges
A recent dramatic increase in research effort and a growing diversity of approaches to the study of larval retention within (self-recruitment) and dispersal among (connectivity) isolated coral reef populations are highlighted.
Coral disease, environmental drivers, and the balance between coral and microbial associates
Monitoring coral disease will create a baseline and long-term data set that can be used to test specific hypotheses about how climate and anthropogenic drivers, such as decreasing water quality, threaten coral reef sustainability.