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Molecular theory of capillarity
Mechanical molecular models thermodynamics the theory of Van Der Waals statistical mechanics of the liquid-gas surface model fluids in the mean-field approximation computer simulation of theExpand
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Some Topics in the Theory of Fluids
It is shown how certain thermodynamic functions, and also the radial distribution function, can be expressed in terms of the potential energy distribution in a fluid. A miscellany of results isExpand
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New Model for the Study of Liquid–Vapor Phase Transitions
A new model is proposed for the study of the liquid–vapor phase transition. The potential energy of a given configuration of N molecules is defined by U(r1, ···, rN) = [W(r1, ···, rN) − Nυ0]e/υ0≤0,Expand
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Random Sequential Addition of Hard Spheres to a Volume
The configurations produced by placing spheres one at a time in a volume, subject to no overlap of the spheres but otherwise placing each at a point chosen at random, differ in a fundamental way fromExpand
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The hydrophobic effect
The thermodynamics of the hydrophobic effect, as measured primarily through the temperature dependence of solubility, is reviewed, and then a class of models that incorporate the basic mechanism ofExpand
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Scaling laws
  • B. Widom
  • Computer Science
  • Scholarpedia
  • 2009
The ratio of surface to volume is changing by the inverse of the factor sf by which the dimensions of a cube (and in general any object) is scaled up or down. Expand
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The critical point and scaling theory
Abstract The origin and physical meaning of the scaling and homogeneity hypotheses in the theory of equilibrium critical phenomena are discussed. The purely thermodynamic critical-point exponentExpand
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Surface Tension and Molecular Correlations near the Critical Point
The van der Waals, Cahn—Hilliard theory of interfacial tension is reformulated for a fluid in the neighborhood of its critical point. The reformulated theory becomes equivalent to theExpand
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Biochemistry at 100�C: Explosive Secretory Discharge of Bombardier Beetles (Brachinus)
The defensive chemical spray of bombardier beetles is ejected at 100�C, with a heat content of about 0.2 calorie per milligram.
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Equation of State in the Neighborhood of the Critical Point
A specific form is proposed for the equation of state of a fluid near its critical point. A function Φ(x, y) is introduced, with x a measure of the temperature and y of the density. Fluids obeying anExpand
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