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Mass Imprisonment and the Life Course: Race and Class Inequality in U.S. Incarceration
Although growth in the U.S. prison population over the past twenty-five years has been widely discussed, few studies examine changes in inequality in imprisonment. We study penal inequality by
The growth of incarceration in the United States: exploring causes and consequences
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Discrimination in a Low-Wage Labor Market
TLDR
A field experiment in the low-wage labor market of New York City recruiting white, black, and Latino job applicants who were matched on demographic characteristics and interpersonal skills shows that black applicants were half as likely as equally qualified whites to receive a callback or job offer.
Inequality in earnings at the close of the twentieth century
▪ Abstract Median income in the United States has fallen and the distribution of income has grown markedly more unequal over the past three decades, reversing a general pattern of earnings growth and
The Black Family and Mass Incarceration
TLDR
The authors document the emergence of mass incarceration and describe its significance for African American family life, and pose several key research questions that can illuminate the effects of dramatic growth in the American penal system.
Stress and Hardship after Prison1
TLDR
Variation in social integration in the first months after prison release with data from the Boston Reentry Study, a unique panel survey of 122 newly released prisoners indicates severe material hardship immediately after incarceration.
Economic Insecurity and Social Stratification
Economic insecurity describes the risk of economic loss faced by workers and households as they encounter the unpredictable events of social life. Our review suggests a four-part framework for
How Unregulated Is the U.S. Labor Market? The Penal System as a Labor Market Institution1
Comparative research contrasts the corporatist welfare states of Europe with the unregulated U.S. labor market to explain low rates of U.S. unemployment in the 1980s and 1990s. In contrast, this
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