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Skeletal indicators of locomotor behavior in living and extinct carnivores
TLDR
Results demonstrate that osteological indices are good predictors of locomotor behavior among extant carnivores.
Trophic diversity in past and present guilds of large predatory mammals
TLDR
It is clear that the basic pattern of adaptive diversity in dental morphology among coexisting carnivores was established at least 32 million years ago and it appears that interspecific competition for food has acted similarly to produce adaptive divergence among sympatric predators in com- munities that differ widely in time, space, and taxonomic composition.
Carnivore Dental Adaptations and Diet: A Study of Trophic Diversity within Guilds
TLDR
The order Carnivora includes a remarkable array of feeding types and dental morphologies, ranging from pure meat eaters with large cutting carnassial teeth to frugivores with broad crushing teeth, presumably largely as a result of competition for food.
Iterative evolution of hypercarnivory in canids (Mammalia: Carnivora): evolutionary interactions among sympatric predators
TLDR
It is suggested that the iterative pattern of specialization of the lower molars for meat-slicing that is seen in all families of carnivores, past and present, is probably a result of intraspecific competition for food, perhaps among littermates.
Déjà vu: the evolution of feeding morphologies in the Carnivora
TLDR
A survey of the fossil record indicates that large hypercarnivores evolve frequently, often in response to ecological opportunity afforded by the decline or extinction of previously dominant hyperc Carnivorous taxa.
MAJOR PATTERNS IN THE HISTORY OF CARNIVOROUS MAMMALS
TLDR
The history of carnivorous mammals is characterized by a series of rise-and-fall patterns of diversification in which declining clades are replaced by phylogenetically distinct but functionally similar clades, which reflects the tendency for clades of large carnivorous mamm...
Locomotor diversity within past and present guilds of large predatory mammals
TLDR
Results indicate that levels of morphologic and inferred ecologic similarity between large predators are higher in the tropical grassland guild of East Africa than in the equivalent guilds of either tropical or temperate forest.
Canine tooth strength and killing behaviour in large carnivores
TLDR
The canines of sabretooth cats are shown to be more similar in shape and strength characteristics to those of living canids than felids, whereas those of the borophagine dogs and the dire wolf are closer to modern hyaenas.
Feeding Behavior in Free-Ranging, Large African Carnivores
TLDR
Repeated chewing motions were most common in all species when eating the toughest foods, i.e., skin or muscle in combination with bone, and an apparent lack of precision in use of teeth suggests that selection will likely favor specializations for particular functions in teeth other than those that are the primary tools for that purpose.
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