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  • Influence
The Importance of Ultrasound Landmarks: A “Traceback” Approach Using the Popliteal Blood Vessels for Identification of the Sciatic Nerve
of other commercial ultrasound gels has not produced allergic reactions in this subject. Propylene glycol (1,2-Propandiol 1,2-Dihydroxypropane) is a bivalent alcohol and acts as a bacteriostaticExpand
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Confirmation of epidural catheter placement using nerve stimulation
PurposeTo examine the reliability of low current electrical epidural stimulation to confirm epidural catheter placement.MethodsForty patients with epidural catheters (19G Arrow Flextip plus) alreadyExpand
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Electrophysiologic Effect of Injectates on Peripheral Nerve Stimulation
Background and Objectives: A small volume of local anesthetic or normal saline abolishes the muscle twitch induced by a 1ow current (0.5 mA) during electrolocation. This study examines the hypothesisExpand
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Benefits of the Costoclavicular Space for Ultrasound-Guided Infraclavicular Brachial Plexus Block: Description of a Costoclavicular Approach
To the Editor: Infraclavicular brachial plexus block (ICBPB) is traditionally performed at the lateral infraclavicular fossa (LIF) where the cords of the brachial plexus lie deep to the pectoralExpand
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The ASRA Evidence-Based Medicine Assessment of Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine: Executive Summary
Objectives: The American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine charged an expert panel to examine the evidence basis for ultrasound guidance as a nerve localization tool in the clinicalExpand
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Confirmation of caudal needle placement using nerve stimulation.
BACKGROUND The study was designed to examine a new method of confirming proper caudal needle placement using nerve stimulation. METHODS Thirty-two pediatric patients were studied. A 22-gaugeExpand
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Cervical epidural analgesia via a thoracic approach using nerve‐stimulation guidance in adult patients undergoing total shoulder replacement surgery
Background:  Continuous cervical epidural anesthesia can provide excellent peri‐ and post‐operative analgesia, although several factors prevent its widespread use. Advancing catheters from thoracicExpand
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Detection of subarachnoid and intravascular epidural catheter placement
PurposeTo report the detection of subarachnoid and intravascular catheter placement using nerve stimulation through an epidural catheter.Clinical featuresElectrical stimulation (1–10 mA) was appliedExpand
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Determination of epidural catheter placement using nerve stimulation in obstetric patients.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Peripheral nerve and spinal cord stimulation techniques have been used for many years. However, electrical stimulation methods rarely have been used to confirm epiduralExpand
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