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Multiple Diverse Circoviruses Infect Farm Animals and Are Commonly Found in Human and Chimpanzee Feces
TLDR
It is shown that the genetic diversity of small circular DNA viral genomes in various mammals, including humans, is significantly larger than previously recognized, and frequent exposure through meat consumption and contact with animal or human feces provides ample opportunities for cyclovirus transmission. Expand
PHYLOGENY OF TITMICE (PARIDAE): II. SPECIES RELATIONSHIPS BASED ON SEQUENCES OF THE MITOCHONDRIAL CYTOCHROME-B GENE
Abstract We present a phylogenetic hypothesis for 40 species in the bird family Paridae, based on comparisons of nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene. Parids, including titsExpand
Phylogeny of swallows (Aves: Hirundinidae) estimated from nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences.
The phylogeny of swallows was reconstructed by comparing segments of three genes, nuclear beta-fibrinogen intron 7 (betafib7), mitochondrial cytochrome b (cytb), and mitochondrial ND2, in a varietyExpand
Metagenomic Analyses of Viruses in Stool Samples from Children with Acute Flaccid Paralysis
TLDR
Viral nucleic acids in stool samples collected from 35 South Asian children with nonpolio acute flaccid paralysis contained members of a novel Picornaviridae genus and four new viral species, including a potentially novel Enterovirus genotype. Expand
The biogeography of the Plastisphere: implications for policy
TLDR
This research characterized bacterial communities from water and plastic samples from the North Pacific and North Atlantic subtropical gyres to determine whether the composition of different Plastisphere communities reflects their biogeographic origins and found that these communities differed between ocean basins and displayed latitudinal gradients in species richness. Expand
AN ENDEMIC RADIATION OF MALAGASY SONGBIRDS IS REVEALED BY MITOCHONDRIAL DNA SEQUENCE DATA
TLDR
The endemic Malagasy songbird clade rivals other island radiations, including the vangas of Madagascar and the finches of the Galapagos, in ecological diversity. Expand
Phylogeny of the tree swallow genus, Tachycineta (Aves: Hirundinidae), by Bayesian analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences.
TLDR
The phylogeny of the nine Tachycineta species was reconstructed by comparing DNA sequences of six mitochondrial genes and one interesting biogeographic discovery was the close relationship between Caribbean and western North American taxa. Expand
Pseudopodoces humilis, a misclassified terrestrial tit (Paridae) of the Tibetan Plateau: evolutionary consequences of shifting adaptive zones
TLDR
Pseudopodoces is the only species of parid whose distribution is limited to treeless terrain and its evolutionary affinity with the Paridae is clearly expressed in comparative osteology and genetics, and is supported by its habit of nesting in cavities. Expand
Frequent Detection of Highly Diverse Variants of Cardiovirus, Cosavirus, Bocavirus, and Circovirus in Sewage Samples Collected in the United States
TLDR
Untreated sewage samples from 12 cities in the United States were screened for the presence of recently characterized RNA and DNA viruses found at high prevalence in the stool specimens of South Asian children, establishing the presence and diversity of four newly described enteric viruses in large urban populations. Expand
Rapid, independent evolution of flightlessness in four species of Pacific Island rails (Rallidae): an analysis based on mitochondrial sequence data
Flightless rails were once ubiquitous in the avifauna of Pacific oceanic islands. Most species have become extinct since human colonization of islands began about 2000 years ago. In this study, weExpand
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