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Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life
- B. Wiegmann, Michelle Trautwein, D. Yeates
- BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 14 March 2011
It is demonstrated that flies experienced three episodes of rapid radiation—lower Diptera (220 Ma), lower Brachycera (180 Ma), and Schizophora (65 Ma)—and a number of life history transitions to hematophagy, phytophagy and parasitism in the history of fly evolution over 260 million y.
The morphology, higher-level phylogeny and classification of the Empidoidea (Diptera)
This paper presents a cladistic analysis of the phylogeny of the Empidoidea and proposes a classification scheme based on the relationships between characters, which is closer to the truth than the current classification.
Alien Insects: Threats and Implications for Conservation of Galápagos Islands
- C. Causton, S. Peck, B. Sinclair, L. Roque-Álbelo, C. J. Hodgson, B. Landry
- Environmental Science
A newly developed and simple scoring system is presented to predict alien insect species potential invasiveness based on trophic functional role, distribution in Galápagos, and history ofInvasiveness elsewhere.
Homology and phylogenetic implications of male genitalia in Diptera - Eremoneura
The above characters support the monophyly of the Eremoneura and also indicate that the Empidoidea and Cyclorrhapha are sister groups, as opposed to alternative hypotheses that suggest the EmPidoideA is paraphyletic with respect to the Cyclor rhapha.
The evolution of asymmetric genitalia in spiders and insects
- B. Huber, B. Sinclair, M. Schmitt
- BiologyBiological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical…
- 1 November 2007
This review is an attempt to focus attention on this promising but neglected topic by summarizing what the authors know about insect genital asymmetries, and by contrasting this with the situation in spiders, a group in which genitalymmetries are rare.
The phylogenetic relationships among infraorders and superfamilies of Diptera based on morphological evidence
The first numerical analysis of phylogenetic relationships of the entire order of Diptera using a comprehensive morphological character matrix is presented, and low levels of support for relationships between the infraorders of lower Diptera, lower Brachycera and major lineages of lower Cyclorrhapha are found.
GENERIC REVISION OF THE CLINOCERINAE (EMPIDIDAE), AND DESCRIPTION AND PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF THE TRICHOPEZINAE, NEW STATUS (DIPTERA: EMPIDOIDEA)
- B. Sinclair
- 1 October 1995
The Trichopezinae is considered most closely related to the Brachystomatinae (exclusive of Homalocnemis Philippi) and Ceratomerinae and these three subfamilies are hypothesized to represent the sister group to the Microphorinae + Dolichopodidae.
Homology and phylogenetic implications of male genitalia in diptera - lower Brachycera
Homology of male genitalic structures in the lower Brachycera is examined and implications for the phylogenetic relationships of the included families are discussed in light of other characters. The…
A phylogenetic interpretation of the Brachycera (Diptera) based on the larval mandible and associated mouthpart structures
- B. Sinclair
- 1 July 1992
The phylogenetic implications of the larval mandibular homologies and associated mouthpart structures for the current cladistic hypotheses of the Nematocera and orthorrhaphous Brachycera are evaluated.
Introduced insect fauna of an oceanic archipelago: The Galápagos Islands, Ecuador
The faunal change in almost all tropical island insect faunas occurred before scientific inventories could document the processes and stages of change.