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Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life
TLDR
It is demonstrated that flies experienced three episodes of rapid radiation—lower Diptera (220 Ma), lower Brachycera (180 Ma), and Schizophora (65 Ma)—and a number of life history transitions to hematophagy, phytophagy and parasitism in the history of fly evolution over 260 million y.
The morphology, higher-level phylogeny and classification of the Empidoidea (Diptera)
TLDR
This paper presents a cladistic analysis of the phylogeny of the Empidoidea and proposes a classification scheme based on the relationships between characters, which is closer to the truth than the current classification.
Alien Insects: Threats and Implications for Conservation of Galápagos Islands
TLDR
A newly developed and simple scoring system is presented to predict alien insect species potential invasiveness based on trophic functional role, distribution in Galápagos, and history ofInvasiveness elsewhere.
Homology and phylogenetic implications of male genitalia in Diptera - Eremoneura
TLDR
The above characters support the monophyly of the Eremoneura and also indicate that the Empidoidea and Cyclorrhapha are sister groups, as opposed to alternative hypotheses that suggest the EmPidoideA is paraphyletic with respect to the Cyclor rhapha.
The evolution of asymmetric genitalia in spiders and insects
TLDR
This review is an attempt to focus attention on this promising but neglected topic by summarizing what the authors know about insect genital asymmetries, and by contrasting this with the situation in spiders, a group in which genitalymmetries are rare.
The phylogenetic relationships among infraorders and superfamilies of Diptera based on morphological evidence
TLDR
The first numerical analysis of phylogenetic relationships of the entire order of Diptera using a comprehensive morphological character matrix is presented, and low levels of support for relationships between the infraorders of lower Diptera, lower Brachycera and major lineages of lower Cyclorrhapha are found.
GENERIC REVISION OF THE CLINOCERINAE (EMPIDIDAE), AND DESCRIPTION AND PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF THE TRICHOPEZINAE, NEW STATUS (DIPTERA: EMPIDOIDEA)
TLDR
The Trichopezinae is considered most closely related to the Brachystomatinae (exclusive of Homalocnemis Philippi) and Ceratomerinae and these three subfamilies are hypothesized to represent the sister group to the Microphorinae + Dolichopodidae.
Homology and phylogenetic implications of male genitalia in diptera - lower Brachycera
Homology of male genitalic structures in the lower Brachycera is examined and implications for the phylogenetic relationships of the included families are discussed in light of other characters. The
A phylogenetic interpretation of the Brachycera (Diptera) based on the larval mandible and associated mouthpart structures
TLDR
The phylogenetic implications of the larval mandibular homologies and associated mouthpart structures for the current cladistic hypotheses of the Nematocera and orthorrhaphous Brachycera are evaluated.
Introduced insect fauna of an oceanic archipelago: The Galápagos Islands, Ecuador
TLDR
The faunal change in almost all tropical island insect faunas occurred before scientific inventories could document the processes and stages of change.
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