Share This Author
A blueprint for blue carbon: toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering CO2
Recent research has highlighted the valuable role that coastal and marine ecosystems play in sequestering carbon dioxide (CO(2)). The carbon (C) sequestered in vegetated coastal ecosystems,…
The value of estuarine and coastal ecosystem services
- E. Barbier, S. Hacker, Chris J. Kennedy, E. Koch, A. Stier, B. Silliman
- Environmental Science
- 1 May 2011
The global decline in estuarine and coastal ecosystems (ECEs) is affecting a number of critical benefits, or ecosystem services. We review the main ecological services across a variety of ECEs,…
Centuries of human-driven change in salt marsh ecosystems.
It is concluded that the best way to protect salt marshes and the services they provide is through the integrated approach of ecosystem-based management.
The present and future role of coastal wetland vegetation in protecting shorelines: answering recent challenges to the paradigm
For more than a century, coastal wetlands have been recognized for their ability to stabilize shorelines and protect coastal communities. However, this paradigm has recently been called into question…
Coastal Ecosystem-Based Management with Nonlinear Ecological Functions and Values
By incorporating nonlinear wave attenuation in estimating coastal protection values of mangroves in Thailand, it is shown that the optimal land use option may instead be the integration of development and conservation consistent with ecosystem-based management goals.
Anthropogenic modification of New England salt marsh landscapes
- M. Bertness, P. Ewanchuk, B. Silliman
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 29 January 2002
Data is presented that suggest that the remaining salt marshes in southern New England are being rapidly degraded by shoreline development and eutrophication, and traditional salt marsh plant communities and the plants and animals that are dependent on these habitats are being displaced by monocultures of weedy species.
Shoreline Development Drives Invasion of Phragmites australis and the Loss of Plant Diversity on New England Salt Marshes
Abstract: The reed Phragmites australis Cav. is aggressively invading salt marshes along the Atlantic Coast of North America. We examined the interactive role of habitat alteration (i.e., shoreline…
Non‐linearity in ecosystem services: temporal and spatial variability in coastal protection
Natural processes tend to vary over time and space, as well as between species. The ecosystem services these natural processes provide are therefore also highly variable. It is often assumed that…
PHYSICAL AND BIOTIC DRIVERS OF PLANT DISTRIBUTION ACROSS ESTUARINE SALINITY GRADIENTS
Although it has long been recognized that marsh plant community composition shifts across estuarine salinity gradients, the mechanisms responsible for this species zonation have never been…
Degradation and resilience in Louisiana salt marshes after the BP–Deepwater Horizon oil spill
- B. Silliman, J. van de Koppel, A. Zimmerman
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 25 June 2012
It is highlighted that heavy oil coverage on the shorelines of Louisiana marshes, already experiencing elevated retreat because of intense human activities, induced a geomorphic feedback that amplified this erosion and thereby set limits to the recovery of otherwise resilient vegetation.