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Observational Evidence from Supernovae for an Accelerating Universe and a Cosmological Constant
We present spectral and photometric observations of 10 Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) in the redshift range 0.16 " z " 0.62. The luminosity distances of these objects are determined by methods thatExpand
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Cosmological Results from High-z Supernovae* **
The High-z Supernova Search Team has discovered and observed eight new supernovae in the redshift interval z = 0.3-1.2. These independent observations, analyzed by similar but distinct methods,Expand
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A photometric redshift of z ∼9.4 for GRB 090429B
Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) serve as powerful probes of the early universe, with their luminous afterglows revealing the locations and physical properties of star-forming galaxies at the highestExpand
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A single low-energy, iron-poor supernova as the source of metals in the star SMSS J031300.36−670839.3
The element abundance ratios of four low-mass stars with extremely low metallicities (abundances of elements heavier than helium) indicate that the gas out of which the stars formed was enriched inExpand
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Relativistic ejecta from X-ray flash XRF 060218 and the rate of cosmic explosions
Over the past decade, long-duration γ-ray bursts (GRBs)—including the subclass of X-ray flashes (XRFs)—have been revealed to be a rare variety of type Ibc supernova. Although all these events resultExpand
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A γ-ray burst at a redshift of z ≈ 8.2
Long-duration γ-ray bursts (GRBs) are thought to result from the explosions of certain massive stars, and some are bright enough that they should be observable out to redshifts of z > 20 usingExpand
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The farthest known supernova: Support for an accelerating universe and a glimpse of the epoch of deceleration
We present photometric observations of an apparent Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) at a redshift of approximately 1.7, the farthest SN observed to date. The supernova, SN 1997, was discovered in a repeatExpand
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The High-Z Supernova Search: Measuring Cosmic Deceleration and Global Curvature of the Universe Usin
The High-Z Supernova Search is an international collaboration to discover and monitor Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) at z > 0.2 with the aim of measuring cosmic deceleration and global curvature. OurExpand
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The afterglow of GRB 050709 and the nature of the short-hard γ-ray bursts
The final chapter in the long-standing mystery of the γ-ray bursts (GRBs) centres on the origin of the short-hard class of bursts, which are suspected on theoretical grounds to result from theExpand
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Observational Constraints on the Nature of Dark Energy: First Cosmological Results from the ESSENCE Supernova Survey
We present constraints on the dark energy equation-of-state parameter, w = P/(rho c(2)), using 60 SNe Ia fromthe ESSENCE supernova survey. We derive a set of constraints on the nature of the darkExpand
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