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Humans are altering the composition of biological communities through a variety of activities that increase rates of species invasions and species extinctions, at all scales, from local to global.Expand
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Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Current Knowledge and Future Challenges
The ecological consequences of biodiversity loss have aroused considerable interest and controversy during the past decade. Major advances have been made in describing the relationship betweenExpand
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Quantifying the evidence for biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning and services.
Concern is growing about the consequences of biodiversity loss for ecosystem functioning, for the provision of ecosystem services, and for human well being. Experimental evidence for a relationshipExpand
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The role of biodiversity for element cycling and trophic interactions: an experimental approach in a grassland community
Abstract The focus of a new experiment, set up in Jena in spring 2002, are the effects of biodiversity on element cycles and the interaction of plant diversity with herbivores and soil fauna. TheExpand
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High plant diversity is needed to maintain ecosystem services
Biodiversity is rapidly declining worldwide, and there is consensus that this can decrease ecosystem functioning and services. It remains unclear, though, whether few or many of the species in anExpand
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Reduced competitive ability in an invasive plant
One explanation for successful plant invaders is that they evolved to be more competitive. An intuitive prediction of this Evolution of Increased Competitive Ability (EICA) hypothesis neverExpand
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Janzen-Connell effects are widespread and strong enough to maintain diversity in grasslands.
Crop rotation schemes are believed to work by preventing specialist soil-borne pests from depressing the future yields of similar crops. In ecology, such negative plant-soil feedbacks may be viewedExpand
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Conservation of arthropod diversity in montane wetlands: effect of altitude, habitat quality and habitat fragmentation on butterflies and grasshoppers
1. The patterns of arthropod diversity were investigated in 24 montane wetlands in Switzerland. These differed in altitude, management regime (cattle-grazing vs. mowing), vegetation structure (indexExpand
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Consequences of biodiversity loss for litter decomposition across biomes
The decomposition of dead organic matter is a major determinant of carbon and nutrient cycling in ecosystems, and of carbon fluxes between the biosphere and the atmosphere. Decomposition is driven byExpand
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Soil environmental conditions rather than denitrifier abundance and diversity drive potential denitrification after changes in land uses
Land-use practices aiming at increasing agro-ecosystem sustainability, e.g. no-till systems and use of temporary grasslands, have been developed in cropping areas, but their environmental benefitsExpand
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