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Violence and risk of PTSD, major depression, substance abuse/dependence, and comorbidity: results from the National Survey of Adolescents.
TLDR
Results generally support the hypothesis that exposure to interpersonal violence increases the risk of these disorders and of diagnostic comorbidity.
Prevalence of civilian trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in a representative national sample of women.
TLDR
Assessment of crime and noncrime civilian traumatic events, lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and PTSD in the past 6 months in a sample of U.S. adult women found history of incidents that included direct threat to life or receipt of injury was a risk factor for PTSD.
Risk factors for adolescent substance abuse and dependence: data from a national sample.
A national household probability sample of 4,023 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years was interviewed by telephone about substance use, victimization experiences, familial substance use, and posttraumatic
A 2-year longitudinal analysis of the relationships between violent assault and substance use in women.
TLDR
Findings support a vicious cycle relationship in which substance use increases risk of future assault and assault increasesrisk of subsequent substance use, for illicit drug use.
Understanding Children Exposed to Violence
Although comprehensive studies examining a variety of violence types and potential outcomes are becoming more common, there continues to be an overreliance on relatively simple, single violence type,
Prevalence of civilian trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in a representative national sample of women
Prevalence of crime and noncrime civilian traumatic events, lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and PTSD in the past 6 months were assessed in a sample of U.S. adult women (N = 4,008).
Do urban adolescents become desensitized to community violence? Data from a national survey.
TLDR
Results provided minimal support for the desensitization hypothesis and revealed increasing levels of PTSD symptoms and delinquent behaviors among boys and girls exposed to higher levels of all three violence types.
Criminal Victimization: Lifetime Prevalence, Reporting to Police, and Psychological Impact
A sample of 391 adult females were interviewed about lifetime criminal victimization experiences, crime reporting, and psychological impact. In total, 75% of the sample (n = 295) had been victimized
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