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Reproducibility and validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire.
Data indicate that a simple self-administered dietary questionnaire can provide useful information about individual nutrient intakes over a one-year period. Expand
Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of major chronic disease.
Increased fruit and vegetable consumption was associated with a modest although not statistically significant reduction in the development of major chronic disease and the benefits appeared to be primarily for cardiovascular disease and not for cancer. Expand
Cholesterol-lowering effects of dietary fiber: a meta-analysis.
A meta-analysis of 67 controlled trials was performed to quantify the cholesterol-lowering effect of major dietary fibers, finding that increasing soluble fiber can make only a small contribution to dietary therapy to lower cholesterol. Expand
Percentage Points for a Generalized ESD Many-Outlier Procedure
A generalized (extreme Studentized deviate) ESD many-outlier procedure is given for detecting from 1 to k outliers in a data set. This procedure has an advantage over the original ESD many-outlierExpand
Lack of effect of long-term supplementation with beta carotene on the incidence of malignant neoplasms and cardiovascular disease.
In this trial among healthy men, 12 years of supplementation with beta carotene produced neither benefit nor harm in terms of the incidence of malignant neoplasms, cardiovascular disease, or death from all causes. Expand
The Effect of Fruit and Vegetable Intake on Risk for Coronary Heart Disease
A 1-serving/d increase in fruit or vegetable intake was associated with a 6% lower risk for ischemic stroke, after controlling for standard cardiovascular risk factors, and analyses limited to confirmed cases yielded results very similar to those obtained when all cases were included. Expand
Effects of protein, monounsaturated fat, and carbohydrate intake on blood pressure and serum lipids: results of the OmniHeart randomized trial.
In the setting of a healthful diet, partial substitution of carbohydrate with either protein or monounsaturated fat can further lower blood pressure, improve lipid levels, and reduce estimated cardiovascular risk. Expand
Epidemiology of otitis media during the first seven years of life in children in greater Boston: a prospective, cohort study.
Significantly increased risk (by multivariate analysis) for AOM was associated with male gender, sibling history of recurrent AOM, early occurrence of Aom, and not being breast fed. Expand
Relation of meat, fat, and fiber intake to the risk of colon cancer in a prospective study among women.
These prospective data provide evidence for the hypothesis that a high intake of animal fat increases the risk of colon cancer, and they support existing recommendations to substitute fish and chicken for meats high in fat. Expand
Intake of trans fatty acids and risk of coronary heart disease among women
Intakes of foods that are major sources of trans isomers (margarine, cookies [biscuits], cake, and white bread) were each significantly associated with higher risks of CHD, supporting the hypothesis that consumption of partially hydrogenated vegetable oils may contribute to occurrence ofCHD. Expand