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A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth, and public safety
Policy-makers are considering large-scale programs aimed at self-control to improve citizens’ health and wealth and reduce crime. Experimental and economic studies suggest such programs could reapExpand
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The rank-order consistency of personality traits from childhood to old age: a quantitative review of longitudinal studies.
The present study used meta-analytic techniques to test whether trait consistency maximizes and stabilizes at a specific period in the life course. From 152 longitudinal studies, 3,217 test-retestExpand
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Patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course: a meta-analysis of longitudinal studies.
The present study used meta-analytic techniques (number of samples = 92) to determine the patterns of mean-level change in personality traits across the life course. Results showed that peopleExpand
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Personality development: stability and change.
In this review, we evaluate four topics in the study of personality development where discernible progress has been made since 1995 (the last time the area of personality development was reviewed inExpand
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Conscientiousness and health-related behaviors: a meta-analysis of the leading behavioral contributors to mortality.
Previous research has established conscientiousness as a predictor of longevity (H. S. Friedman et al., 1993; L. R. Martin & H. S. Friedman, 2000). To better understand this relationship, the authorsExpand
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The Power of Personality: The Comparative Validity of Personality Traits, Socioeconomic Status, and Cognitive Ability for Predicting Important Life Outcomes
The ability of personality traits to predict important life outcomes has traditionally been questioned because of the putative small effects of personality. In this article, we compare the predictiveExpand
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The kids are alright: growth and stability in personality development from adolescence to adulthood.
This longitudinal study provides a comprehensive analysis of continuity and change in personality functioning from age 18 to age 26 in a birth cohort (N = 921) using the Multidimensional PersonalityExpand
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The divided self: concurrent and longitudinal effects of psychological adjustment and social roles on self-concept differentiation.
The relation between self-concept differentiation (SCD), the tendency to see oneself as having different personality characteristics in different social roles, and psychological adjustment wasExpand
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The purpose of this study was to identify the underlying structure of the trait domain of Conscientiousness using scales drawn from 7 major personality inventories. Thirty-six scales conceptuallyExpand
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