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Discreteness and interactivity in spoken word production.
Five theories of spoken word production that differ along the discreteness-interactivity dimension are evaluated. Specifically examined is the role that cascading activation, feedback, seriality, and… Expand
The multiple semantics hypothesis: Multiple confusions?
Abstract In this paper we discuss the issue of multiple versus unitary semantics. We argue that the notion of multiple semantics (as currently articulated) does not, in fact, represent a theory of… Expand
From graphemes to abstract letter shapes: levels of representation in written spelling.
The letter substitution errors of 2 dysgraphic subjects who, despite relatively intact oral spelling, made well-formed letter substitution errors in written spelling, were studied. Many of these… Expand
Lexical and post-lexical phonological representations in spoken production
Theories of spoken word production generally assume a distinction between at least two types of phonological processes and representations: lexical phonological processes that recover relatively… Expand
Examining the Central and Peripheral Processes of Written Word Production Through Meta-Analysis
- Jeremy J. Purcell, P. Turkeltaub, G. Eden, B. Rapp
- Psychology, Medicine
- Front. Psychology
- 11 October 2011
Producing written words requires “central” cognitive processes (such as orthographic long-term and working memory) as well as more peripheral processes responsible for generating the motor actions… Expand
The nature of sublexical orthographic organization: The bigram trough hypothesis examined
- B. Rapp
- 1 February 1992
Abstract Certain theories of reading assume the representation and manipulation of sublexical entities while others do not. Consistent with the latter, M. Seidenberg (1987, in Attention and… Expand
The integration of information across lexical and sublexical processes in spelling
We report on a brain-injured subject, LAT, who made phonologically plausible errors in word spelling (e.g., “bouquet” spelled as BOUKET). Although many of his errors are phonologically plausible they… Expand
The Autonomy of Lexical Orthography
Do we need to access the spoken form of a word in order to retrieve the word's spelling or in order to understand the meaning of its written form? In this paper we focus on the relationship between… Expand
Remediation of deficits affecting different components of the spelling process
Background: There have been relatively few studies concerned with the treatment of spelling deficits. Among these, there have been a small number that have targeted specific components of the… Expand
The relationship between treatment outcomes and the underlying cognitive deficit: Evidence from the remediation of acquired dysgraphia
- B. Rapp
- 1 November 2005
Background : It is unclear to what extent treatment outcomes are significantly influenced by the specific cognitive deficits that underlie an individual's language impairment. That is, it is not well… Expand