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Overconfidence : Feedback and item difficulty effects
Abstract Overconfident subjects were given immediate feedback of results in a general knowledge test in an attempt to de-bias them. In a 2 × 3 × 4 mixed factorial design (Feedback × Question… Expand
The influence of advice in a virtual learning environment
- B. Pulford
- Computer Science
- Br. J. Educ. Technol.
The influence of asynchronous discussion in a virtual learning environment, Blackboard, on subsequent coursework grades was examined with 166 psychology students to determine whether asking questions of the tutor online, and/or reading the questions and the given advice, influenced the grades on the report they were writing. Expand
Market entry decisions: effects of absolute and relative confidence.
In a market entry game, the number of entrants usually approaches game-theoretic equilibrium quickly, but in real-world markets business start-ups typically exceed market capacity, resulting in… Expand
A cross-cultural study of predictors of self-handicapping in university students
The influence of Perfectionism, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy on Self-handicapping in studying was investigated in relation to individualism and collectivism in students in the United Kingdom and… Expand
Cooperation in repeated interactions: A systematic review of Centipede game experiments, 1992–2016
ABSTRACT Cooperation is a fundamental form of social interaction, and turn-taking reciprocity one of its most familiar manifestations. The Centipede game provides a formal model of such alternating… Expand
The influence of personality on HE students’ confidence in their academic abilities
Abstract Students’ confidence in their academic abilities, measured with the Individual Learning Profile (ILP) scale, was examined in relation to their personality traits and grades. To validate the… Expand
Spontaneous similarity discrimination in the evolution of cooperation.
The similarity discrimination effect occurs when a single gene or gene cluster causes its carriers to display both a variable phenotypic trait and a behavioural predisposition to cooperate… Expand
Do as I Say, Don’t Do as I Do: Differences in moral judgments do not translate into differences in decisions in real-life trolley problems
Many people judge that it is permissible to harm one person in order to save many in some circumstances but not in others: it matters how the harm comes about. Researchers have used trolley problems… Expand
Learning to cooperate without awareness in multiplayer minimal social situations
- A. Colman, B. Pulford, David Omtzigt, A. al-Nowaihi
- Psychology, Medicine
- Cognitive Psychology
- 1 November 2010
Experimental and Monte Carlo methods were used to test theoretical predictions about adaptive learning of cooperative responses without awareness in minimal social situations-games in which the… Expand
Personality Differences in High Risk Sports Amateurs and Instructors
This study investigated the personality differences of 21 amateurs and 20 instructors who participated in the high risk sports of skydiving, hang-gliding, paragliding, scuba diving, microlighting,… Expand