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Hypertonic Saline Lowers Raised Intracranial Pressure in Children After Head Trauma
Summary Eighteen pediatric patients who sustained traumatic brain injury were enrolled in a double-blind, crossover study comparing the effects of 3% saline and 0.9% saline infusions on raisedExpand
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Use of hypertonic saline in the treatment of severe refractory posttraumatic intracranial hypertension in pediatric traumatic brain injury
Objectives: To evaluate the effect of prolonged infusion of 3% hypertonic saline (514 mEq/L) and sustained hypernatremia on refractory intracranial hypertension in pediatric traumatic brain injuryExpand
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Continuous intravenous terbutaline for pediatric status asthmaticus.
OBJECTIVES To determine the clinical effects of intravenous terbutaline at >0.4 microg/kg/min in children with status asthmaticus; to describe the clinical findings associated with such therapy,Expand
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Management of pediatric liver injuries: a 13-year experience at a pediatric trauma center.
PURPOSE This study of traumatic liver injuries (LI) in children reviews the authors' management and identifies the indications for surgical intervention. METHODS A total of 11,761 admissions overExpand
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Helium-oxygen mixture does not improve gas exchange in mechanically ventilated children with bronchiolitis
Statement of findingsVarying concentrations of helium-oxygen (heliox) mixtures were evaluated in mechanically ventilated children with bronchiolitis. We hypothesized that, with an increase in theExpand
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Vasospasm in children with traumatic brain injury
ObjectiveTo determine the incidence of vasospasm in children who have suffered moderate to severe traumatic brain injury.MethodsA prospective observational pilot study in a 24-bed pediatric intensiveExpand
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Detection of traumatic brain injury with magnetic resonance imaging and S-100B protein in children, despite normal computed tomography of the brain*
Objective The objective of this study was to obtain data to further define the extent of traumatic brain injury by using S-100B protein and standard noncontrast magnetic resonance imaging with addedExpand
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Global cerebral ischemia : effects of pentastarch after reperfusion
There has been considerable interest in the use of synthetic hydroxyethyl starch macromolecules (e.g., pentastarch, a colloid used for intravascular fluid replacement) to reduce microvascularExpand
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Safety and efficacy of intravenous immunoglobulin prophylaxis in pediatric head trauma patients: a double-blind controlled trial.
Infection is one of the major complications of severe head trauma in children. To assess whether intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) decreases the incidence of secondary infection after head injury inExpand
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Antinociceptive properties of intrathecal dexmedetomidine in rats.
Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist. In this study, the intrathecal administration of dexmedetomidine into the rat lumbar subarachnoid space produced dose-dependent,Expand
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