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Validity of the Executive Function Theory of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Meta-Analytic Review
One of the most prominent neuropsychologic theories of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suggests that its symptoms arise from a primary deficit in executive functions (EF), defined asExpand
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Executive functions and developmental psychopathology.
In this paper, we consider the domain of executive functions (EFs) and their possible role in developmental psychopathologies. We first consider general theoretical and measurement issues involved inExpand
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From single to multiple deficit models of developmental disorders
The emerging etiological model for developmental disorders, like dyslexia, is probabilistic and multifactorial while the prevailing cognitive model has been deterministic and often focused on aExpand
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Executive function deficits in high-functioning autistic individuals: relationship to theory of mind.
A group of high-functioning autistic individuals was compared to a clinical control group matched on VIQ, age, sex and SES. Significant group differences were found on executive function, theory ofExpand
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A normative‐developmental study of executive function: A window on prefrontal function in children
Normative‐developmental performance on a battery of executive function tasks was investigated. Executive function was defined as goal‐directed behavior, including planning, organized search, andExpand
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Validity of DSM-IV attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom dimensions and subtypes.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV) criteria for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) specify two dimensions of inattention andExpand
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Intact and impaired memory functions in autism.
This study examined memory functions in individuals with autism. Based on previous evidence of executive function (EF) deficits, we hypothesized that subjects with autism would demonstrate a patternExpand
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Neuropsychological Analyses of Comorbidity Between Reading Disability and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: In Search of the Common Deficit
Measures of component reading and language skills, executive functions, and processing speed were administered to groups of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n = 113),Expand
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The neuropsychology of Down syndrome: evidence for hippocampal dysfunction.
This study tested prefrontal and hippocampal functions in a sample of 28 school-aged (M = 14.7 years, SD = 2.7) individuals with Down syndrome (DS) compared with 28 (M = 4.9 years, SD = .75)Expand
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DCDC2 is associated with reading disability and modulates neuronal development in the brain.
  • H. Meng, S. Smith, +17 authors J. Gruen
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 22 November 2005
DYX2 on 6p22 is the most replicated reading disability (RD) locus. By saturating a previously identified peak of association with single nucleotide polymorphism markers, we identified a largeExpand
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