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The sensory basis of fish schools: Relative roles of lateral line and vision
TLDR
The role of the lateral line in schooling is much greater than has been recognised previously and is suggested to be maintained by opposing forces of attraction and repulsion mediated by stimuli perceived by the visual and lateralis systems respectively.
The three-dimensional structure of fish schools
TLDR
Methods for producing and analyzing long-term three-dimensional records of the positions of individuals within fish schools are described and shape of cod schools and, to a lesser degree, saithe schools, is shown to be highly variable.
The structure of schools of giant bluefin tuna in Cape Cod Bay
SynopsisWe report the first investigation of the structure of schools of predatory fish, analyzed from aerial photographs of Atlantic bluefin tuna,Thynnus thynnus, in the wild. Internal structure of
Fish school density and volume
TLDR
Extensive data is presented from experiments on cruising schools of saithe, herring and cod to validate the whole-school method and derive a computation which eliminates bias from outliers.
A blind fish can school.
TLDR
Five individual saithe, Pollachius virens, were able to join schools of 25 normal saithe swimming in an annular tank, while blinded with opaque eye covers, allowing a demonstration of a role of the lateral line organ in schooling.
MAC of sevoflurane in humans and the New Zealand white rabbit.
TLDR
Comparisons of the MAC ratios of sevoflurane to other volatile anaesthetics in both the human and the rabbit suggest that the human MAC value obtained is consistent with experimental determinations of MAC of other volatile anesthesia in humans.
Margin of Safety in Positioning Modern Double‐lumen Endotracheal Tubes
TLDR
It is concluded that left-sided double-lumen tubes are much preferable to right-sided Double-Lumen tubes because they have a much greater positioning margin of safety, and that proper confirmation of proper position of either a left- or right- sided double- lumen tube should be aided by fiberoptic bronchoscopy.
Intraoperative monitoring of tibialis anterior muscle motor evoked responses to transcranial electrical stimulation during partial neuromuscular blockade.
TLDR
The authors studied the feasibility of recording motor evoked responses to transcranial electrical stimulation (tce-MERs) during partial neuromuscular blockade (NMB) in 11 patients and found that tce- MERs could be recorded reliably during anesthesia with N2O and a continuous infusion of sufentanil.
Functional Anatomy of the Brachial Plexus Sheath: Implications for Anesthesia
TLDR
Anatomical study of the brachial plexus of 18 cadavers demonstrated that there are connections between compartments within the sheath and, therefore, do not support the need for multiple injections when performing an axillary block.
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