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Social dominance orientation: A personality variable predicting social and political attitudes.
Social dominance orientation (SDO), one's degree of preference for inequality among social groups, is introduced. On the basis of social dominance theory, it is shown that (a) men are more social…
The Folk Concept of Intentionality
Abstract When perceiving, explaining, or criticizing human behavior, people distinguish between intentional and unintentional actions. To do so, they rely on a shared folk concept of intentionality.…
How the Mind Explains Behavior: Folk Explanations, Meaning, and Social Interaction
- B. Malle
In this provocative monograph, Bertram Malle describes behavior explanations as having a dual nature -- as being both cognitive and social acts -- and proposes a comprehensive theoretical model that…
How People Explain Behavior: A New Theoretical Framework
- B. Malle
- PsychologyPersonality and social psychology review : an…
- 1 February 1999
A detailed model of people's reason explanations is developed, which emphasizes the unique conceptual and linguistic features of reasons and points to limitations of traditional attribution concepts, which are examined theoretically and empirically.
People Systematically Update Moral Judgments of Blame
Six experiments examine people’s updating of blame judgments and test predictions developed from a socially regulated blame perspective. According to this perspective, blame emerged in human history…
Distinguishing Hope from Optimism and Related Affective States
Three studies examined the conceptual and psychological differences between hope and related mental states. In Study 1, participants provided definitions of hope as well as optimism, want, desire,…
The actor-observer asymmetry in attribution: a (surprising) meta-analysis.
- B. Malle
- PsychologyPsychological bulletin
- 31 October 2006
A moderator analysis showed that the actor-observer asymmetry held only when the actor was portrayed as highly idiosyncratic, when hypothetical events were explained, when actor and observer were intimates, or when free-response explanations were coded.
Sacrifice One For the Good of Many? People Apply Different Moral Norms to Human and Robot Agents
- B. Malle, Matthias Scheutz, Thomas Arnold, John Voiklis, Corey J. Cusimano
- Psychology10th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human…
- 2 March 2015
The first comparison of people's moral judgments about human and robot agents is reported, finding that robots, compared with human agents, were more strongly expected to take an action that sacrifices one person for the good of many (a “utilitarian” choice), and they were blamed more than their human counterparts when they did not make that choice.
Can Unintended Side Effects Be Intentional? Resolving a Controversy Over Intentionality and Morality
- Steve Guglielmo, B. Malle
- Psychology, PhilosophyPersonality & social psychology bulletin
- 4 November 2010
These studies suggest that intentionality judgments are unaffected by a behavior’s blameworthiness, and show that people distinguish between “knowingly” and “intentionally” bringing about a side effect, even for immoral actions.