• Publications
  • Influence
Induced emotional interpretation bias and anxiety.
Five experiments are reported showing that the interpretation of personally relevant emotional information can be modified by systematic exposure to congruent exemplars. Participants were induced toExpand
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A Cognitive Model of Selective Processing in Anxiety
Anxiety states are associated with increasedattention to threat and a greater likelihood of reachinga pessimistic interpretation of ambiguous events.Existing models of this selective processingExpand
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A Comparison of Cognitive Bias Modification for Interpretation and Computerized Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Objective: Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) and cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I) both have demonstrated efficacy in alleviating social anxiety, but how theyExpand
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  • Open Access
Comparisons between rumination and worry in a non-clinical population.
Major depression is characterised by ruminative thinking whilst worry is considered central in generalised anxiety disorder (GAD). However, not only do these two forms of repetitive negative thinkingExpand
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Enduring consequences of experimentally induced biases in interpretation.
Previous research has demonstrated that it is possible to induce biases in the interpretation of ambiguous text passages by training. Participants consistently trained to interpret emotionallyExpand
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Induced biases in emotional interpretation influence stress vulnerability and endure despite changes in context.
Previous research has shown that interpretation biases can be experimentally induced and endure for 24 hours. In two experiments, we show that induced biases not only persist but survive changes inExpand
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Positive interpretation training: effects of mental imagery versus verbal training on positive mood.
Therapists often assume a special association between mental imagery and emotion, though empirical evidence has been lacking. Using an interpretation training paradigm, we previously found thatExpand
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  • Open Access
Cognitive biases in anxiety and attention to threat
The existence of cognitive biases in anxiety is now well established, and we summarize evidence demonstrating attentional vigilance to cues associated with threat, pessimistic interpretation ofExpand
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The causal effect of mental imagery on emotion assessed using picture-word cues.
The hypothesis that mental imagery is more likely to elicit emotion than verbal processing of the same material was investigated in two studies. Participants saw a series of pictures, eachExpand
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Cognitive bias modification for attention and interpretation reduces trait and state anxiety in anxious patients referred to an out-patient service: results from a pilot study.
It is well established that anxious individuals show biases in information processing, such that they attend preferentially to threatening stimuli and interpret emotional ambiguity in a threateningExpand
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  • Open Access