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Forms of knowledge and modes of innovation
This paper contrasts two modes of innovation. One, the Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) mode, is based on the production and use of codified scientific and technical knowledge. The other, theExpand
National systems of production, innovation and competence building
The authors have worked on innovation systems for more than a decade. This paper is an attempt to take stock. In Section 2, we reflect upon the emergence and fairly rapid diffusion of the conceptExpand
National Innovation Systems—Analytical Concept and Development Tool
The term national system of innovation has been around for more than 20 years and today it has become widely spread among policy makers as well as among scholars all over the world. This paper takesExpand
Product Innovation and User-Producer Interaction
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National Systems of Innovation: towards a theory of innovation and interactive learning London: Pint
An emergency retraction means is provided for removing the extended manipulator arm of a nuclear reactor vessel inspection device from within a nozzle thereof or from a fully extended position shouldExpand
The Learning Economy
Modern economies can be characterised as 'learning economies' in which knowledge is the crucial resource and learning is the most important process. Different kinds of learning and economicallyExpand
Why all this fuss about codified and tacit knowledge
This paper starts with a critical assessment of the recent paper by Cowan, Foray and David. It also provides the authors' own assessment of why the tacit-codified distinction is important in relationExpand
Why Study National Systems and National Styles of Innovation
Many consider that product specialization reflects variations in factor proportions rather than in the knowledge base, but to focus purely on resource allocations would result in stagnant economicExpand
The changing role of science in the innovation process: From Queen to Cinderella?
Abstract An overview of how the role of science in relation to innovation has been defined over the past five decades is given, showing a change from a linear to a chain-linked model ofExpand