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Patient and health service delay in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in Ethiopia
TLDR
The time before diagnosis in TB patients was long and appears to be associated with patient inadequate knowledge of TB treatment and distance to the health centre.
Determinants of Treatment Adherence Among Smear-Positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Southern Ethiopia
TLDR
Defaulting due to treatment noncompletion in this study setting is high, and the main determinants appear to be factors related to physical access to a treatment centre.
Acceptability of HIV counselling and testing among tuberculosis patients in south Ethiopia
TLDR
The low acceptability of HIV counselling andTesting among tuberculosis patients poses a challenge to the scale-up of TB/HIV collaborative efforts and there is a need for alternative counselling and testing strategies.
Predictors of early death in a cohort of Ethiopian patients treated with HAART
TLDR
The high mortality rate seen in this cohort was associated with advanced disease stage and very low TLC at presentation, and patients should be identified and treated before they progress to advanced stages.
Prevalence of malaria infection in Butajira area, south-central Ethiopia
TLDR
A low prevalence of malaria that varied with season and altitudinal zone in a highland-fringe area of Ethiopia is documented, most of the malaria infections were attributable to Plasmodium vivax.
Patients Present Earlier and Survival Has Improved, but Pre-ART Attrition Is High in a Six-Year HIV Cohort Data from Ethiopia
TLDR
Patients started to present at earlier stages of their illness and death has decreased among adult HIV patients visiting Arba Minch Hospital, and both pre-ART and on-ART patient retention mechanisms should be strengthened.
The rate of TB-HIV co-infection depends on the prevalence of HIV infection in a community
TLDR
The rate of HIV infection in TB patients and pregnant women was higher in study participants from urban areas and was associated with the prevalence of HIV infections in pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) in Southern Ethiopia.
Health Extension Workers Improve Tuberculosis Case Detection and Treatment Success in Southern Ethiopia: A Community Randomized Trial
TLDR
The involvement of HEWs in sputum collection and treatment improved smear-positive case detection and treatment success rate, possibly because of an improved service access.
Circulating antioxidants and lipid peroxidation products in untreated tuberculosis patients in Ethiopia.
TLDR
The findings further support a link between oxidative stress, tuberculosis, and HIV infection, and whether antioxidant supplementation will improve tuberculosis outcome or is of importance for its prevention should be further examined in future prospective studies.
DOTS improves treatment outcomes and service coverage for tuberculosis in South Ethiopia: a retrospective trend analysis
TLDR
The introduction and expansion of DOTS in Hadiya has led to a significant increase in treatment success and decrease in default and failure rates and the smaller institutions exhibited better treatment outcomes compared to the larger ones including the zonal hospital.
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