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Time of conscious intention to act in relation to onset of cerebral activity (readiness-potential). The unconscious initiation of a freely voluntary act.
The recordable cerebral activity (readiness-potential, RP) that precedes a freely voluntary, fully endogenous motor act was directly compared with the reportable time (W) for appearance of theExpand
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Unconscious cerebral initiative and the role of conscious will in voluntary action
Voluntary acts are preceded by electrophysiological "readiness potentials" (RPs). With spontaneous acts involving no preplanning, the main negative RP shift begins at about -550 ms. Such RP's wereExpand
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Time of conscious intention to act in relation to onset of cerebral activity (readiness-potential). The unconscious initiation of a freely voluntary act.
SUMMARY The recordable cerebral activity (readiness-potential, RP) that precedes a freely voluntary, fully endogenous motor act was directly compared with the reportable time (W) for appearance ofExpand
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Mind Time: The Temporal Factor in Consciousness
Our subjective inner life is what really matters to us as human beings - and yet we know relatively little about how it arises. Over a long and distinguished career Benjamin Libet has conductedExpand
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Do We Have Free Will
I have taken an experimental approach to this question. Freely voluntary acts are pre ceded by a specific electrical change in the brain (the ‘readiness potential’, RP) that begins 550 ms before theExpand
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Readiness-potentials preceding unrestricted 'spontaneous' vs. pre-planned voluntary acts.
The nature of readiness-potentials (RPs) that may be associated with fully endogenous, 'freely' voluntary acts was investigated. Restriction on when to act were eliminated and instructions fosteredExpand
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Somatosensory System
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Subjective Referral of the Timing for a Conscious Sensory Experience
PREVIOUS studies had indicated that there is a substantial delay, up to about 0.5 s, before activity at cerebral levels achieves ‘neuronal adequacy’ for eliciting a conscious somatosensory experienceExpand
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The behaviour of chromatolysed motoneurones studied by intracellular recording
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Responses of human somatosensory cortex to stimuli below threshold for conscious sensation.
Averaged evoked responses of somatosensory cortex, recorded subdurally, appeared with stimuli (skin, ventral posterolateral nucleus, cortex) which were subthreshold for sensation. Such responses wereExpand
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