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Carabid beetles in sustainable agriculture: a review on pest control efficacy, cultivation impacts and enhancement
- B. Kromp
- 1 June 1999
This review article on carabids in sustainable agro-ecosystems of the temperate Northern hemisphere presents a compilation of the available knowledge on the significance of carabids for natural pest…
Occurrence of Agriotes wireworms in Austrian agricultural land
- K. Staudacher, N. Schallhart, +6 authors M. Traugott
- Biology, MedicineJournal of Pest Science
- 13 October 2011
Using a molecular identification system, 1348 field-collected larvae from 85 sites were identified to species-level and contributed to a characterisation of species-specific traits in Agriotes larvae in agricultural land, an important prerequisite to develop efficient control strategies for these wireworms.
Grassy field margins and arthropod diversity: a case study on ground beetles and spiders in eastern Austria (Coleoptera: Carabidae; Arachnida: Aranei, Opiliones)
It is concluded that both grassy field margins and sustainable farming methods, in particular biological farming, are necessary to maintain a diverse predatory arthropod fauna in agroecosystems.
Carabid beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) as bioindicators in biological and conventional farming in Austrian potato fields
- B. Kromp
- BiologyBiology and Fertility of Soils
- 1 April 1990
Carabid beetles sampled in 1980 and 1981 by pitfall trapping in two biologically and two conventionally farmed potato fields in B. Zell, Upper Austria showed similar activity densities under both types of cultivation, although the numbers of total carabids and numbers of species were higher in the biologically farmed fields.
Which carabid species benefit from organic agriculture? - a review of comparative studies in winter cereals from Germany and Switzerland
Data of comparative studies about carabid beetles in organically and conventionally managed winter cereal fields of central Europe, using the pitfall trapping method, were collected from the…
Carabid Beetle Communities (Carabidae, Coleoptera) in Biologically and Conventionally Farmed Agroecosystems
- B. Kromp
- 1 November 1989
Differences in carabid agrocoenoses seem to be mainly due to the higher weediness, greater heterogeneity of crop density and absence of pesticides in biological wheat fields.
Effects of management intensity and soil chemical properties on Rumex obtusifolius in cut grasslands in Lower Austria
Investigation of on-farm trials with reduced cutting frequencies and manuring amounts at three sites in Lower Austria indicated that extensification as a measure for controlling this weed can be effective under certain conditions, and soil analyses indicated that Ca and Mg concentrations were negatively correlated to R. obtusifolius density.
Management of Oilseed Rape Pests
Correlations between wireworm damages in potato fields and landscape structure at different scales
Investigation of landscape variables related to wireworm infestation showed that wireworm damage was higher in region 2 than in region 1 and tended to be higher in soils with higher sand content, and among the tested landscape variables only landscape composition, especially grassy field margins were significantly positively correlated with wireworms damage at the 25 ha scale.