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Global Prevalence and Major Risk Factors of Diabetic Retinopathy
Longer diabetes duration and poorer glycemic and blood pressure control are strongly associated with DR, and these data highlight the substantial worldwide public health burden of DR and the importance of modifiable risk factors in its occurrence.
Prevalence of hearing loss in older adults in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin. The Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study.
It is demonstrated that hearing loss is a very common problem affecting older adults and Epidemiologic studies are needed to understand the genetic, environmental, and sex-related determinants of age-related hearing loss and to identify potential intervention strategies.
An international classification and grading system for age-related maculopathy and age-related macular degeneration. The International ARM Epidemiological Study Group.
The Wisconsin epidemiologic study of diabetic retinopathy. II. Prevalence and risk of diabetic retinopathy when age at diagnosis is less than 30 years.
In a population-based study in southern Wisconsin, 996 insulin-taking, younger-onset diabetic persons were examined using standard protocols to determine the prevalence and severity of diabetic…
Prevalence of olfactory impairment in older adults.
- C. Murphy, C. Schubert, K. Cruickshanks, B. Klein, R. Klein, D. Nondahl
- Psychology, MedicineJAMA
- 13 November 2002
It is demonstrated that prevalence of olfactory impairment among older adults is high and increases with age, and self-report significantly underestimated prevalence rates obtained by olfaction testing.
The Wisconsin epidemiologic study of diabetic retinopathy. III. Prevalence and risk of diabetic retinopathy when age at diagnosis is 30 or more years.
The severity of retinopathy was found to be related to longer duration of diabetes, younger age at diagnosis, higher glycosylated hemoglobin levels, higher systolic BP, use of insulin, presence of proteinuria, and small body mass.
The impact of hearing loss on quality of life in older adults.
- D. Dalton, K. Cruickshanks, B. Klein, R. Klein, T. Wiley, D. Nondahl
- MedicineThe Gerontologist
- 1 October 2003
Severity of hearing loss was significantly associated with having a hearing handicap and with self-reported communication difficulties, and decreased function in both the Mental component Summary score and the Physical Component Summary score of the SF-36 as well as with six of the eight individual domain scores.
Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the United States, 2005-2008.
In a nationally representative sample of US adults with diabetes aged 40 years and older, the prevalence of diabetic Retinopathy and vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy was high, especially among Non-Hispanic black individuals.
Prevalence of open-angle glaucoma among adults in the United States.
Open-angle glaucoma affects more than 2 million individuals in the United States and, due to the rapid aging of the US population, this number will increase to more than 3 million by 2020.