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Literature Review of Florida Red Tide: Implications for Human Health Effects.
Florida red tides are a natural phenomenon caused by dense aggregations of single cell or several species of unicellular organisms. Patches of discolored water, dead or dying fish, and respiratoryExpand
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Recreational exposure to microcystins during algal blooms in two California lakes.
We conducted a study of recreational exposure to microcystins among 81 children and adults planning recreational activities on either of three California reservoirs, two with significant, ongoingExpand
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Public perceptions of Florida red tide risks.
This research integrates theoretical frameworks of risk perception, social amplification of risk, and the role of place-specific contexts in order to explore the various perceptions surroundingExpand
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Recreational Exposure to Low Concentrations of Microcystins During an Algal Bloom in a Small Lake
We measured microcystins in blood from people at risk for swallowing water or inhaling spray while swimming, water skiing, jet skiing, or boating during an algal bloom. We monitored water samplesExpand
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Characterization of Aerosols Containing Microcystin
Toxic blooms of cyanobacteria are ubiquitous in both freshwater and brackish water sources throughout the world. One class of cyanobacterial toxins, called microcystins, is cyclic peptides. InExpand
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The human health effects of Florida red tide (FRT) blooms: an expanded analysis.
Human respiratory and digestive illnesses can be caused by exposures to brevetoxins from blooms of the marine alga Karenia brevis, also known as Florida red tide (FRT). K. brevis requiresExpand
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Brevetoxin composition in water and marine aerosol along a Florida beach: Assessing potential human exposure to marine biotoxins
The toxic dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis, produces a suite of polyether neurotoxins (brevetoxins, PbTx) that cause massive fish kills and neurotoxic shellfish poisoning. A unique characteristic of K.Expand
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Occupational Exposure to Aerosolized Brevetoxins during Florida Red Tide Events: Effects on a Healthy Worker Population
Karenia brevis (formerly Gymnodinium breve) is a marine dinoflagellate responsible for red tides that form in the Gulf of Mexico. K. brevis produces brevetoxins, the potent toxins that causeExpand
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Characterization of Marine Aerosol for Assessment of Human Exposure to Brevetoxins
  • Y. Cheng, Y. Zhou, +6 authors D. Baden
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Environmental health perspectives
  • 9 February 2005
Red tides in the Gulf of Mexico are commonly formed by the fish-killing dinoflagellate Karenia brevis, which produces nine potent polyether brevetoxins (PbTxs). Brevetoxins can be transferred fromExpand
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The Costs of Respiratory Illnesses Arising from Florida Gulf Coast Karenia brevis Blooms
  • P. Hoagland, Di Jin, +7 authors L. Backer
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Environmental health perspectives
  • 1 May 2009
Background Algal blooms of Karenia brevis, a harmful marine algae, occur almost annually off the west coast of Florida. At high concentrations, K. brevis blooms can cause harm through the release ofExpand
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