• Publications
  • Influence
Perspective taking as egocentric anchoring and adjustment.
The authors propose that people adopt others' perspectives by serially adjusting from their own. As predicted, estimates of others' perceptions were consistent with one's own but differed in a mannerExpand
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Taking Perspective in Conversation: The Role of Mutual Knowledge in Comprehension
When people interpret language, they can reduce the ambiguity of linguistic expressions by using information about perspective: the speaker's, their own, or a shared perspective. In order toExpand
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Understanding Metaphorical Comparisons: Beyond Similarity.
Traditionally, metaphors such as "my job is a jail" have been treated as implicit similes (i.e., this metaphor would be treated as if it were a comparison statement, "my job is like a jail").Expand
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When do speakers take into account common ground?
What role does common ground play in the production of utterances? We outline and test two models. One model assumes that common ground is involved in initial utterance planning, while the otherExpand
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Why don't we believe non-native speakers? The influence of accent on credibility
Abstract Non-native speech is harder to understand than native speech. We demonstrate that this “processing difficulty” causes non-native speakers to sound less credible. People judged triviaExpand
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The Foreign-Language Effect
Would you make the same decisions in a foreign language as you would in your native tongue? It may be intuitive that people would make the same choices regardless of the language they are using, orExpand
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Limits on theory of mind use in adults
By 6 years, children have a sophisticated adult-like theory of mind that enables them not only to understand the actions of social agents in terms of underlying mental states, but also to distinguishExpand
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Reflexively mindblind: Using theory of mind to interpret behavior requires effortful attention
Abstract People commonly interpret others’ behavior in terms of the actors’ underlying beliefs, knowledge, or other mental states, thereby using their “theory of mind.” Two experiments suggest thatExpand
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The Illusory Transparency of Intention: Linguistic Perspective Taking in Text
  • B. Keysar
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • 1 April 1994
Subjects read scenarios where a speaker made a comment that, depending on information that was privileged to the subjects, could have been interpreted as sarcastic or not sarcastic. Their task was toExpand
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Conventional Language: How Metaphorical Is It?
We evaluate a fundamental assumption of Lakoff and Johnson's (1980a, 1980b) view that people routinely use conceptual mappings to understand conventional expressions in ordinary discourse. Lakoff andExpand
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