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Assessment of coma and impaired consciousness. A practical scale.
Abstract A clinical scale has been evolved for assessing the depth and duration of impaired consciousness and coma. Three aspects of behaviour are independently measured—motor responsiveness, verbalExpand
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Assessment of outcome after severe brain damage.
Persisting disability after brain damage usually comprises both mental and physical handicap. The mental component is often the more important in contributing to overall social disability. Lack of anExpand
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ASSESSMENT OF OUTCOME AFTER SEVERE BRAIN DAMAGE: A Practical Scale
Abstract Persisting disability after brain damage usually comprises both mental and physical handicap. The mental component is often the more important in contributing to overall social disability.Expand
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Disability after severe head injury: observations on the use of the Glasgow Outcome Scale.
The nature of the neurological and mental disabilities resulting from severe head injuries are analysed in 150 patients. Mental handicap contributed more significantly to overall social disabilityExpand
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Analyzing outcome of treatment of severe head injury: a review and update on advancing the use of the Glasgow Outcome Scale.
The Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), two decades after its description, remains the most widely used method of analyzing outcome in series of severely head-injured patients. This review considersExpand
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The minimally conscious state: Definition and diagnostic criteria
ObjectiveTo establish consensus recommendations among health care specialties for defining and establishing diagnostic criteria for the minimally conscious state (MCS). BackgroundThere is a subgroupExpand
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Assessment and prognosis of coma after head injury
SummaryThe Glasgow Coma Scale, based upon eye opening, verbal and motor responses has proved a practical and consistent means of monitoring the state of head injured patients. Observations made inExpand
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PREDICTING OUTCOME IN INDIVIDUAL PATIENTS AFTER SEVERE HEAD INJURY
Clinical data available in the first few days after severe head injury have been collected prospectively on 600 patients from Glasgow and the Netherlands and stored on computer; the patients in theExpand
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Persistent vegetative state after brain damage. A syndrome in search of a name.
Abstract Patients with severe brain damage due to trauma or ischaemia may now survive indefinitely. Some never regain recognisable mental function, but recover from sleep-like coma in that they haveExpand
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ASPECTS OF COMA AFTER SEVERE HEAD INJURY
Features of coma during the first week after sever head injury were analysed in 700 patients. Coma is best defined as inability to obey commands, to speak, or to open the eyes. If eye opening isExpand
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